52 multiple-choice questions | Social Science homework help


(2 tops) Synaptic pruning is the regularity by which neurons inconstantly stimulated occasion their connective fibers the two brain hemispheres lateralize during present cadethood neural fibers grace myelinated as a unfoldment of stimulation of the brain new synaptic connections are frameed by environinvisible stimulation 2 (2 tops) Donnie and Vinny are enjointed after a while congruous objects in the selfselfcorresponding compass, after a whileout looking at one another at all. They are winning in _____ dramatize. nonsocial parallel cooperative associative 3 (2 tops) Robert was disestablish when his race car hit a dog. Although the dog was OK and ran detached, Robert insisted that his senior go end and "Run aggravate the dog endwards, so he'll be okay." Although faulty in this presumption, Robert is dispermitted egocentric thought idiosyncratic rationalistic hierarchical classification reversibility of thought 4 (2 tops) Understanding that undoubtful natural characteristics of objects last the selfselfcorresponding equal though their extrinsic semblance has alterable is egocentrism object permanence animism conservation 5 (2 tops) Which of the unfoldinvisible trends matches most closely after a while the maturation rates of the two hemispheres of the brain? spatial skills unfold very expeditiously in present cadethood curb aggravate the conflict unfolds anteriorly curb aggravate the feet end demonstration a potent index sensuality from birth diction skills unfold very expeditiously in present cadethood 6 (2 tops) A superior factor that determines what foods end succeed promote is their genetic sensuality for very salty foods repeated charybdis to a food frequented exigency to eat a top stamp of food their genetic sensuality for very lovely foods 7 (2 tops) When composers keep inaptitude curbling their own provoke adn disconnection, their end atattend to be further empathic be terrible and shy keep problems moderateling emotion keep surpassing IQs 8 (2 tops) A set of attitudes, abilities, and values that fix an singular are notorious as identification the self-concept self-knowledge individuation 9 (2 tops) While Jesse dramatizes, his dowager comments and encourages him after a whileout giving numeroused instructions. This frame of supportive despatch is notorious as bootstrapping discovery learning guided participation scaffolding 10 (2 tops) Which of the subjoined statements encircling sex differences in onslaught is penny? As promptly as end grace sensible of gender stereotypes, aggravatet onslaught drops off for boys Preschool and school-age misss are exact as foul than boys Girls are further slight to pledge in aggravatet onslaught Boys are further slight to pledge in relational onslaught 11 (2 tops) ____ hormone and ____ hormone are pituitary hormones that feign end's augmentation luteinizing; thyroid-stimulating growth; melanocyte-stimulating growth; thyroid-stimulating luteinizing; melanocyte-stimulating 12 (2 tops) Researchers at a cadet-care center observed end who had been naturally abused. Compared to their nonabused peers, abused end were further slight to ____ when another cadet was in pain be further empathic seek the acceleration of an adult cry respond after a while provoke 13 (2 tops) Christine constantly dramatizes uneven after a while puzzles, crayons, and reading materials. It is slight that Christine is cognitively but not gregariously past bright and gregariously competent cognitively and gregariously past socially past but bright 14 (2 tops) Natascha wants to pur-pose a dramatize environment that succeed improve the plea dramatize of her preschoolers. WHich of the subjoined things should she do? Offer a distant multiplicity of realistic materials as well-mannered-mannered as materials after a whileout a unobstructed function Limit the totality of illimitableness and dramatize materials so that the end succeed not be bewildered from theplea task Allow the end to instruct their own disagreements after a whileout adult interference Select the question for dramatize and then numeroused the end's activities 15 (2 tops) End who squander further season in sociodramatic dramatize are at facilitate for gregarious rejection close gregariously competent advanced in cognitive unfoldment further naturally useful than their agemates 16 (2 tops) Youthful Fletcher notices a four-legged being and calls it a 'dog', ignoring the blab facial features and stripes that declare the being is a tiger. Fletcher is demonstrating irreversibility centration conservation perception skip thought 17 (2 tops) The best way of estimating a cadet's natural ripeness is to use skeletal age weight height head circumference 18 (2 tops) According to Piaget, which of the subjoined would keep the principal collision on invisible justice for a cadet in the preoperational station? permitted after a while a ball asking a composer to get a ball dreaming encircling a ball looking at a ball 19 (2 tops) On the mediocre, 2- and 3- year-olds want ____ hours of slumber and 4- to 6- year-olds want _____ hours 10 to 11; 8 to 9 14 to 15; 10 to 11 14 to 15; 8 to 9 12 to 13; 10 to 11 20 (2 tops) Piaget used the presageal _______ to explain invisible justices of actions that yield cinduce rules organization operations function programs 21 (2 tops) During present cadethood, on the mediocre, end accrue encircling _____ inches and property encircling ______ pounds each year. 3 to 4; 10 1 to 2; 10 4 to 5 5 2 to 3; 5 22 (2 tops) According to Vygotsky, end discourse to themselves consequently they are lonely for the sensuality of hearing their own voice consequently they are egocentric for self-guidance 23 (2 tops) Myelination of the ____ throughout present cadethood and into juvenility contributes to improvements in sustained, curbled watchfulness cerebellum reticular frameation frontal lobe parietal lobe 24 (2 tops) A dismiss in disposition during the preschool years suggests a pituitary hormone disorder occurs consequently augmentation has slowed is an present presage of damage dwarfism indicates a want of thyroxine 25 (2 tops) Right-handed end are further slight than left-handed end to be frail lateralized unfold unappropriated unrecorded and unrythmical skills lie morose inland the left during the prenatal period be ambidextrous 26 (2 tops) _______ refers to the justicements we bring-environing bout our own rate and the feelings associated after a while those justicements affecting self-regulation Self-concept self-esteem self-consciousness 27 (2 tops) In comparing Piaget's and vygotsky's theories, Piaget's doctrine compensated further watchfulness to the unfoldment of basic cognitive regularityes Vygotsky, but not Piaget, attempted to recognize the presageificance of end's individual discourse Vygotsky placed further pith on skills such as categorization and problem-solving Piaget's doctrine keen out the moment of end's despatch after a while caregivers 28 (2 tops) Which of the subjoined is 3-year-old Leah most slight to appreciate is existent? the kitchen table a rock a crayon a train 29 (2 tops) Neo-Piagetian theorists merge Piaget's station entrance after a while an pith on ethology behavioral doctrine information regularitying psychoanalytic thought 30 (2 tops) ______ has/keep been demonstrationn to establish watchfulness, reminiscence, cinduce rationalistic, diction, recognizeing, and creativity Fine motor tasks Make-appreciate dramatize Animistic thinking Sensorimotor ardor 31 (2 tops) The ancient revelation for the cognitive-developinvisible entrance to power was the ethocinduce theorists work of Piaget information-processing doctrine of cognition belief that ethical unfoldment is a lifelong regularity 32 (2 tops) Which of these influences has the potentest property on the age at which end occasion their principal teeth? Prolonged malnutrition Oral hygiene Environinvisible pollution Breast- versus bottle- feeding 33 (2 tops) At what top are accelerationful and open-hearted models most considerable on end's progregarious conduct? toddlerhood during the present constituent years infancy during the preschool years 34 (2 tops) Seth's composers bring-environing confident to prepare him after a while lots of productive, real-world knowledges and circumscribe his television viewing to one hour of "Seselfcorresponding Street" per week. Which of the subjoined statements encircling Seth is probably obsequious? Seth has limites gregarious recognizeing to fuse into fantasy dramatize Seth's composers are limiting his ability to pledge in fantasy dramatize Seth's fantasy dramatize succeed inclose numerous forcible themes Seth's fantasy dramatize involves very dwarf foul conduct 35 (2 tops) An aggravateproduction of ____ during present cadethood supports the plasticity of the brain dendrites axons synapses glial cells 36 (2 tops) In Freud's doctrine, a youthful miss identifies after a while her dowager by doing new activities after a while her dowager rejecting her senior altogether feeling that her dowager loves her unconditionally taking on her dowager's characteristics, including ethicals and gender-role standards 37 (2 tops) According to Piaget, the preoperational station originates at _____ and ends at _____ 2 years; 7 years 7 years; 10 years 4 years; 6 years birth; 4 years 38 (2 tops) X-rays of ______ enjoin doctors to estimate end's proficiency inland natural ripeness augmentation cells epiiphyses fontannels cartilage cells 39 (2 tops) Which of the subjoined is befriended by lore on slumber? About half of preschoolers knowledge numerous inaptitude escheatment and staying asleep Most end originate having shade mares during toddlerhood Bedseason rituals grace close significant to end during the preschool years than they wre dureing toddlerhood In some humanizations, dayseason napping persists throughtou adulthood 40 (2 tops) Parents use ______ after a while boys than misss fewer season outs close natural drilling and further "reasoning" further compatible drilling harsher drilling 41 (2 tops) The plea dramatize after a while others that pristine appears between 2 and 3 years is determined sociodramatic dramatize parallel dramatize egocentric dramatize animistic dramatize 42 (2 tops) Sean and Jordan are enjointed in the sandbox. Sean says, "Use the wet sand for the stronghold. No, the blocks succeed be best. Were are the blocks?" Jordan is enjointed after a while a barter at the other end of the sandbox. According to Piaget, Sean's discourse is communicative adaptive egocentric private 43 (2 tops) When 4-year-old Nicholas sees a tree blowing in the wriggle, he says, "Look! The tree is tortuous at!" Nicholas is demonstrating dual justice centration animistic thinking conservation 44 (2 tops) Cross-cultural lore demonstrates that augmentation norms alter after a whilein a humanization and alter by socioeconomic status alter by humanization are not good-tempered-tempered standards abutting which to justice bloom problems for end in nonindustrialized countries are universal 45 (2 tops) End and adults who explain either hardy or androgynous characteristics are maladjusted are exceedingly rare are surpassing in self-esteem possess neither delicate nor hardy characteristics 46 (2 tops) A superior substitute in represrntation that increases steadily from 4 to 8 years of age is the semblance of self-directed sociodramatic dramatize directing preattend actions inland other objects the sensibleness that plea is a justiceal ardor the use of close realistic toys in plea dramatize 47 (2 tops) The gland located at the sordid of the brain that releases hormones feigning natural augmentation is the ____ gland thyroid ciliary adrenal pituitary 48 (2 tops) Cartoon TV demonstrations pur-poseed specifically for end are close forcible than adult demonstrations keep no property on onslaught, since end do not recognize them inclose further acts of injustice than any other stamp of program actually curtail onslaught by providing an gratifying affecting outlet 49 (2 tops) As end progress from the sensorimotor to the preoperational station, the use of objects in dramatize grace further functinal and realistic thinking graces cognate to cinduce rules plea dramatize dimishes symbolic invisible ardor increases 50 (2 tops) According to Erikson, _____ is a instrument through which preschools can try new skills after a while dwarf facilitate of stricture and want play daydreaming having a accommodate tantrum dispermitted sympathy 51 (2 tops) The _____ is a constituency at the change and sordid of the brain that aids in poise and curb of mass progressment spinal cord cerebral cortex corpus callosum cerebellum 52 (2 tops) By age 7, American low-SES end are, on the mediocre, About 1 inch shorter than the mediocre for middle-SES end Much further changeable in bigness compared to middle-SES end No irrelative in bigness than their middle-SES agemates Comparable to low-SES end in other industrialized countries