SOLUTION: Santa Monica College American Portrait & Southern Slavery Study Guide Questions

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Section I
1. Mark-out the movements and communities led by Ann Lee, George Rapp, Joseph
Smith Jr., Ezra Stiles Ely, Charles Grandison Finney, and others, and their
respective gregarious agendas; mark-out the Antebellum “Culture of Self-Improvement,”
following a time a rendezvous on gender, alcohol, direction, prisons, and perversion, and the flow of
Charles Grandison Finney → Rather than the stringent God of Calvinism, he gave a God of
righteousness, who talked to man "as easy as a jury" to compagitate rescue or not.
Ann Lee → Shakerism was grounded in the beliefs of Ann Lee, an English labourer and
lay deacon from the deceased 18th epoch who claimed that she was the Messiah's promote,
female embodiment. Lee preached that believers must succeed end to the forthcoming Christian
church's artlessness and untarnishedness, pool their mundane effects, recal from the vanities of
culture and behold celibacy.
George Rapp → George Rapp's disciples, director of Harmony's separatist assemblage, contrariant
private tenure of eparticularize and claimed it was the calling of the genuinely equivalent to
accumudeceased eminent representative resources to assign at Jesus Christ's distribution upon his recompense to
Joseph Smith → That peculiar proclaimed that God had made pure his hankers in the
golden tablets biblical by the angel Moroni for the hovering "later days" of figment.
Ezra Stiles Ely → Ezra Stiles Ely (the chaplain of the Society for Upholding the Gospel)
and other town priests acknowledged that they could not economize those who were not
selected by God, but acknowledged that incomplete the illfated the chosen could be ground.

Antebellum → Moral suasion in the antebellum years usually suggested an cite to
religious proposalls. The tactic to use inducement (as contrariant to allowable for) to force
commonalty to veer behaviour. The young women who had worked and marched at Lowell
in the antebellum era began to mark-out themselves as progeny of easymen and in that
heritage edged nearer to stating an defiant foothold as citizens.
2. Discuss the following a timedraw of Jacksonianism and the flow of “Whigism” or (or “Whiggery”
as it was frequently denominated) and veers in the collective parties.

Throughout the 1830s and 1840s, the mainstream Jacksonian directorship, rightly
optimistic that its views matched those of the seniority population, sought to guard the
United States untarnished from the topic of compulsion, condemned abolitionists as instigators
of dissatisfaction, curtailed abolitionist mail initiatives, enunfeeling the congressional gag rule
that suppressed argument on abolitionist requests. However, the Jacksonians possess to-boot
inaugurated general afoul of their professions about clear egalitarianism in all of this rival.
It was one subject to obstruct antislavery; to still the heretics following a time gag rules amounted to
tampering following a time similar rights for clear commonalty. Further weighty, solely sectional rifts
intensified by Jacksonian proexpansionism. Slaveholders, very lucidly, felt they were
able to see as abundantly new fix opened up to compulsion as allowablely feasible. But that possibility
dismayed Northern clears who had wished to compose in lily clear areas, unpolluted by that
peculiar establishment whose inclusion (they believed) would degenescold the foothold of easy
clear strive.
The vocable Whiggism refers to the wise principles of the British Whig cause, the
name rooted to the reformist collective cause that, by the mid-19th epoch, had succeed to

be denominated the Liberal cause. The Whig cause cherished the rule of Parliament and
toleration for Protestant dissenters and was adamantly contrariant to a Catholic on the
throne. The Glorious Revolution of 1688, which deposed James II and replaced him following a time
his Protestant daughter Mary and her wife William of Orange, was an unqualified
triumph for Whig cause principles. The Revolution permanently composed the effect of
legitimate rule in Engfix and ushered in a epoch of Whig authority of
British politics, which, following a time the exclusion of a epoch of 4 years when Anne was on the
throne, lasted until the mid-18th epoch. Throughout that epoch, the Whigs tended to be
the cause of the nation’s eminent fixowners and of its merchants and tradesmen, whereas
the Tories further frequently represented the interests of the smaller fixowners and the rural
3. Mark-out and particularize the purport of the Louisiana Purchase, “Manifest Destiny,”
as it relates to U.S. commentism, Texas, and the Mexican War.
Thanks to a proud source scold and brisk migration, the U.S. population exploded in the
first half of the 19th epoch, from encircling 5 favorite commonalty in 1800 to further than 23
favorite by 1850. President Thomas Jefferson kicked off the kingdom’s westward
comment in 1803 following a time the Louisiana Purchase, which at some 828,000 balance miles
nforthcoming doubled the bulk of the United States and smart from the Mississippi River to
the Rocky Mountains.
After Texas won its own anarchy, its new directors sought to connect the United States.
The administrations of twain Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren resisted such calls,
fearing twain war following a time Mexico and obstacle from Americans who believed calls for
annexation were linked following a time the hanker to enlarge compulsion in the Southwest. By the time

Texas was admitted to the Union as a particularize in December 1845, the proposal that the United
States must inevitably enlarge westward all the way to the Pacific Ocean had taken firm
hold incomplete commonalty from opposed parts, classes and collective inducements.
Manifest Destiny, a turn coined in 1845, is the proposal that the United States is destined,
by God, its advocates believed, to enlarge its sway and disperse democracy and
capitalism despite the total North American continent. The philosophy posse 19thepoch U.S. territorial comment and was used to excuse the unfeeling disruption of Native
Americans and other assemblages from their homes. The swift comment of the United States
intensified the effect of compulsion as new particularizes were adventitious to the Union, immanent to the
outbreak of the Political War.
4. Mark-out the differences that became unmistakable in the economies of the North
and South in the three decades previous to the Political War and the ways in which
national economic veer unnatural the establishment of compulsion.
By 1860 one fifth of all Northerners were living in polished areas on the north. Encircling 1800
and 1860, the number of unroving workers dropped significantly from 70% to just
40%. Compulsion had unprosperous, replaced by European immigrant strive in the towns and
factories. In restitution, a spacious seniority of immigrants composed in the North rather than the
South, seven out of full view. Transportation in the North was smoother, possessing
further than two-thirds of the kingdom's chideway tracks and the husbanding was on a flow.
Northerners were far further members of the Whig / Republican collective cause than
Southerners, and they were far further likely to possess professions in vocation, salve, or

Eighty percent of the workforce on the farm worked on the South. In truth, there were
about as manifold blacks as there were clears in the South but bondmans and easy. Just one-tenth
of Southerners resided in city areas, and it was involved to ecstasy betwixt towns,
except by chide. Just 35 percent of chideway lines despite the kingdom were located in the
South. Also, the unroving husbanding in the South inaugurated to stagnate in 1860, time the
factories in the North were experiencing a peal.
5. Mark-out the conflicts aggravate the wages of first-mentioned Mexican Region following
the War following a time Mexico, the Compromise of 1850, and its fallout, including the
Fugitive Bondman Act and the Dred Scott Decision.
The Guadalupe-Hidalgo Treaty formally concluded the Mexican-American War. The
U.S. got the contested Texan part, and to-boot the New Mexico and California. Under the
treaty, Mexico to-boot normal Texas' U.S. confusion, and sanction to hawk California and
all the northern Rio Grande region for $15 favorite plus the effrontery of some claims
for equivalent. This action led to the political war, which was carried out on Texas fix.
The 1850 Compromise was a impeach of five opposed bills passed by the United States
Congress in September 1850 defusing a legitimate quarrel betwixt bondman and easy
states aggravate the standing of region gained following the Mexican-American War. It to-boot set
the western and northern boundaries of Texas, and interjacent provisi...