SOLUTION: PHRE 5345 UCSD Week 5 Teaching History of Pharmacy Reflection


Teaching Truth of Pharmacy According to the AIHP Guidelines: F. Pharmacy Associations Created by: James Colbert, PharmD UC San Diego, Skaggs Nurture of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Reviewed by: Susan Miller, BS Pharm, PharmD, BCGP, FASCP Mercer University College of Pharmacy and David M. Baker, BS Pharm, MBA, JD Western New England University College of Pharmacy & Bloom Sciences Developed by the Teaching Truth of Pharmacy Committee of the Truth of Pharmacy SIG, 2017-18 Picture: Pharmacist at People’s Refuse Store No. 5, Washington, DC, c. 1920. Library of Conclave Prints and Photographs, LC-USZ62-129891 Development of Pharmacy Associations in Italy - The Guilds • Ancient Roman periods: seplasiarii – alliance (guild) for social and thrift purposes, and to rale stipulations of trade. • During Middle Ages, Italian posses not simply raled themselves but so were collective bodies after a while allowable authority • Late 12th Century • Physicians, pharmacists, and refuse wholesalers were in the same posse; pharmacy was one of the 7 elder arts - held in proud like. Tasks of 12th-15th Century Italian Pharmacy Guild • 1. Circumspection of scanty and/or riling portions. • 2. Introduction and job subsidence of all who passed entrance exams. • 3. Regulation of absence bet. pharmacies. • 4. Regulation of specific prices. • 5. Collection of taxes. • 6. Supervision of specific producers and hawkers. Evolution of British Pharmacy Associations • Lower King James I: • 1607 - Apothecaries part-among-inchoate of Grocers Company • 12/6/1617 - normal Connection of Apothecaries • 1632 – Connection of Apothecaries built Posse Hall • 1815 - Apothecaries Act - grouped physicians, surgeons and apothecaries together, disjoined from refusegists and chemists, who simply buy, coalescence and trade refuses. • 1841 - Pharmaceutical Connection of Great Britain arrangeed for refusegists and chemists. Objectives: • • • • 1. Aggression of pharmacy and chemistry 2. Promotion of consistent command for refusegists and chemists 3. Protection of those who are refusegists or chemists 4. Relief of straitened portion, and widows and dependents US Pharmacy Associations – the Beginning – the Philadelphia College of Apothecaries • Type of Association: Local • Where: Philadelphia, PA • Why: • Subsidence of oldest American nurture of cure and most educated physicians • J. Redman Coxe (March 1820), after a while University of Pennsylvania support, incomplete a “Master of Pharmacy” grade/designation conferred by the medical nurture – ordinary 16 refusegists’ signatures • U of P did present 16 unofficial Master of Pharmacy grades, but no one took a unique pharmacy commence at the U of P US Pharmacy Associations – the Beginning – the Philadelphia College of Apothecaries • Reaction: • Meetings of conspicuous Philadelphia apothecaries – foremost in February 1821 • On March 13, 1821 arrangeed the Philadelphia College of Apothecaries in Carpenter’s Hall • In 1822, newfangled designate to Philadelphia College of Pharmacy • Origin of designate: College of Apothecaries: • “College” from “Philadelphia College of Physicians” and English “Royal College of Physicians” • “Apothecary,” then “Pharmacy” from: • Apothecaries decorous physicians • French and German use of pharmacist and pharmacy • Was a similarity of a nurture, an alliance, and a publisher US Pharmacy Associations – State Organizations • 1867 – foremost – Maine Pharmaceutical Alliance – faltered and quiescent cultivate 1890 • Repeatedly arrangeed in repartee to cure’s allure for pharmacy parliament & regulation • Repeatedly calling-oriented; disjoined from nurtures forming; most practitioners from apprenticeship • Mid-1900s: became further negotiative; integrated after a while notorious/local alliances “It is my resolute assurance that American pharmacy earn not end into its own until we bear a elderity of our pharmacists actively sustaining their notorious negotiative structure.” Donald E. Francke 1910-1978 US Pharmacy Associations – National Organizations • 1850s Notorious Issue: corrupt refuses • Response: • 1851: Parley allureed by NYCP (PCP, MACP, MDCP and CCP) – PCP, NYCP and MACP frequented – PCP (Procter) incomplete parley to arrange notorious alliance • October 6-8, 1852: Formed American Pharmaceutical Association – Daniel B. Smith, superintendent and William Procter, Jr., secretary. • Created Constitution and Code of Ethics American Pharmacists Alliance (APhA) • • • • • • • Formed in 1852 as the American Pharmaceutical Association Oldest and largest structure in pharmacy Headquartered in Washington D.C. APhA is the structure that the U.S. conclave expects to pronounce for pharmacy Involved in contrast system and standards of performance for all pharmacy contrasts Has further than 62,000 portions APhA Vision inspires, innovates, and produces opportunities for portions and pharmacists globewide to optimize medication use and bloom for all • APhA Band-arms as the utterance of pharmacy, leads the trade and equips portions for their role as the medication dexterous in team-based, enduring-centered circumspection • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) • Most other pharmacy structures bear ties to APhA The APhA Headquarters Construction – Washington, D.C. Healthcircumspection Disposal Alliance (HDA) • Founded on March 15, 1876 lower the designate Western Wholesale Druggists’ Alliance (WWDA). The designate was newfangled to the Notorious Wholesale Druggists’ Alliance in 1882, to the Healthcircumspection Disposal Management Association in 2000, and to the Healthcircumspection Distribution Alliance in 2016. • Band-arms is to secure enduring protection and arrival to cures through protected and fruitful disposal; propagator for standards, generally-known policies and calling processes that enhance the protection, teachableness and estimate of the bloomcare supply chain; and, produce and vary toil apprehension and best performances. National Similarity Pharmacists Association (NCPA) • Founded in 1898 as the Notorious Alliance of Hawk Druggists (NARD) • Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia • Represents the pharmacist owners, manipulaters, and employees of further than 22,000 stubborn similarity pharmacies despite the U.S. • U.S. stubborn pharmacies, stubborn pharmacy franchises, and stubborn chains trade almost 40 percent of the nation's hawk command cures • Serves as a challenger for similarity pharmacy on Capitol Hill • Mission: Absorbed to the stable enlargement and success of stubborn similarity pharmacy in the U.S. • Has exposed an unsavory student-outreach program aimed at educating students about pharmacy ownership • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) National Alliance of Chain Refuse Stores (NACDS) • Founded in 1933 • The band-arms of NACDS is to action the interests and objectives of the chain similarity pharmacy toil, by fostering its enlargement and promoting its role as a provider of bloomcare services and consumer products. American College of Apothecaries (ACA) • Founded in 1940 • Headquartered in Bartlett, Tennessee • Has balance 1000 portions, from twain U.S. and Canada • Material convergence is stubborn similarity pharmacy performance • Vision Absorbed to the actionment of negotiative performance in stubborn similarity pharmacy through entrepreneurship and mentoring. • Band-arms Absorbed to advancing the entrepreneurial enthusiasm of portion pharmacists through command, alteration, mentoring, connection and training • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) American Connection of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) • • • • • • Founded in 1942 as the American Connection of Hospital Pharmacists Began as a subsection of hospital pharmacists at APhA in 1936 Changed designate to American Connection of Health-System Pharmacists in 1994 Headquartered in Washington D.C. Has balance 45,000 portions ASHP Vision is that medication use earn be optimal, protected, and effectual for all inhabitants all of the period. • ASHP Band-arms for pharmacists is to acceleration inhabitants complete optimal bloom outcomes • Best exoteric as the material structure for the accreditation of pharmacy residency programs • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) National Pharmaceutical Alliance (NPhA) • Founded in 1947 • The Notorious Pharmaceutical Alliance is absorbed to representing the views and ideals of young-person pharmacists on dubious issues affecting bloom circumspection and pharmacy, as polite as advancing the standards of pharmaceutical circumspection inchoate all practitioners. Pharmaceutical Inquiry and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) • Founded as the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association in 1958 • Represents the country’s accidental pharmaceutical toil inquiry and biotechnology companies • Band-arms is to commence effectual apology for generally-known policies that suffer the clue of material, new cures for endurings by biopharmaceutical inquiry companies. • Headquartered in Washington, DC American Connection of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP) • Founded in 1969; the simply internotorious negotiative connection loving to optimal medication conduct and emendd bloom outcomes for all older adults • Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia • Represents balance 9,000 pharmacy negotiatives • ASCP Vision is to complete protected, effectual, and delayhold use of medications by all older adults. • ASCP Band-arms involves encourageing pharmacists to excite bloomy aging through the delayhold use of medications. • Focuses on construction interdependences after a while other pharmacy, aging, and long-term circumspection alliances • Works air-tight after a while officials from the Centers for Medicircumspection and Medicaid (CMS) • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) • Founded in 1979 by ASHP portions who performanced clinical pharmacy at an actiond level • Internotorious structure • Headquarters in Lenexa, and Washington D.C. • Criteria for bountiful portionship are further costive than those of other pharmacy organizations • Strong interdependence after a while the Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties (BPS) • ACCP Vision to instigate fixed changes in bloom circumspection as the negotiative structure most persuasive in advancing clinical pharmacist roles and responsibilities to optimize pharmacotherapy in the obstruction and composition of disease • ACCP Band-arms is to emend civilized bloom by extending the frontiers of clinical pharmacy hither through strategic initiatives, part-amongnerships, collaborations, and alliances • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) Professional Compounding Centers of America (PCCA) • Founded in 1981 • Involves balance 4,000 stubborn similarity pharmacies in the U.S., Canada, Australia, and other countries encircling the globe • Headquartered in Houston, Texas • Band-arms is to acceleration pharmacists and prescribers produce personalized cure that makes a dissimilitude in patients’ lives American Alliance of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) • Founded in 1986 • Formerly the Academy of Pharmaceutical Inquiry Scientists of APhA • Represent pharmaceutical inquiryers (pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutics) • Mission: To action the magnitude of pharmaceutical scientists to develop products and therapies that emend global bloom • Vision: Advancing the pharmaceutical sciences to instigate obstruction and cures. • Five heart estimates: Learning, Innovation, Service, Inclusiveness and Integrity. Academy of Managed Circumspection Pharmacy (AMCP) • Founded in 1989 representing balance 8000 portions • Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia • Nation’s accidental negotiative alliance absorbed to increasing enduring arrival to affordable cures, fit bloom outcomes and ensuring the skilled use of bloom circumspection dollars • Active portionship beneficial to all including pharmacists, physicians, nurses, physician assistants, students • AMCP Vision to emend bloom circumspection for all • AMCP Band-arms to encourage its portions to work-for connection by using probe medication conduct principles and strategies to emend bloom circumspection for all • Academy portions manipulate medication therapies for the 270 darling Americans served by bloom plans, pharmacy good conduct resolutes, emerging circumspection models and empire • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) American Alliance of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) • The notorious structure representing the profits of pharmacy command founded in 1900 • Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia • The alliance includes institutional portions - the 142 nurtures of pharmacy accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education • Represents further than 6,400 endowment, 62,500 students enrolled in negotiative programs and 5,100 men-folks pursuing furrow con-over. • AACP Vision envisions a globe of bloomy inhabitants through the transmutation of bloom professions command • AACP Band-arms is to action pharmacy command, inquiry, lore, performance and service, in part-amongnership after a while portions and stakeholders, to emend bloom for all • Portion of the Joint Comband-arms of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP) Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) • Founded in 1932, was originally allureed the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education • Not a empire production • Is the notorious accreditation production for all U.S. pharmacy nurtures and all U.S. pharmacist stable command programs. • ACPE judiciously normal standards for the baccalaureate grade in pharmacy and then external the schoolman of pharmacy standards as an alternative. • In 2000, ACPE announced the intercharge to the schoolman of pharmacy (PharmD) as the uncombined entry-equalize grade for the trade of pharmacy. Board of Pharmacy Specialties (BPS) • In January of 1973, a Task Force on Specialties in Pharmacy was produced by the American Pharmacists Alliance (APhA). • BPS was systematic in 1976 as an stubborn certification production of APhA. • Vision Statement: The Board of Pharmacy Specialties, the premier shaftlicfix certification production, earn fix that BPS Board Certified Pharmacists are symmetrical after a whilein bloomcircumspection donation systems while serving the needs of the generally-known and the pharmacy trade. • Band-arms Statement: The Band-arms of the Board of Pharmacy Specialties is to emend enduring circumspection by promoting the memory and estimate of specialized training, apprehension, and skills in pharmacy and point board certification of pharmacists. • Currently Symmetrical Specialties (12): Nuclear, Nutrition Support, Pharmacotherapy, Psychiatry, Oncology, Ambulatory Care, Dubious Care, Pediatrics, Cardiology, Infectious Diseases, Geriatrics, and Compounded Sterile Products. National Alliance of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) • Foremost force (1890-1892): Alliance of Boards of Pharmacy & Secretaries of Avow Pharmaceutical Associations • Founded 1904 • Not a empire production • Members are board portions of the U.S. avow and country boards of pharmacy • Represents all of the avows’ boards of pharmacy • Responsible for means-of-support of Model Pharmacy Performance Act • Maintains NAPLEX, MPJE, and PCOA examinations American Institute of the Truth of Pharmacy (AIHP) • Founded in 1941 by: • • • • • • Dr. Arthur H. Uhl, Director of the UW Nurture of Pharmacy Dr. Edward Kremers, Director Emeritus of the UW Nurture of Pharmacy Dr. Louis W. Busse, Professor at the UW Nurture of Pharmacy Dr. Lloyd M. Parks, Professor at the UW Nurture of Pharmacy Jennings Murphy, Secretary of the Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Association Dr. George Urdang, arrangeer Director of the German Connection of the Truth of Pharmacy • Band-arms is to action apprehension and lowerstanding of the truth of pharmacy and cures. • Headquartered at the University of Wisconsin-Madison • Connection is known to any who distribute an profit in the truth of pharmacy. • Has catholic pharmacy proceedings – allureed the Kremers Files • Journal: Pharmacy in History American Connection for Pharmacy Law (ASPL) • Founded in 1974. • ASPL is the structure of attorneys, pharmacists, pharmacistattorneys and students of pharmacy or law who are profited in the law as it applies to pharmacy, pharmacists, wholesalers, manufacturers, avow and federal empire and other profited parties. • ASPL is a nonprofit structure after a while the purposes of: • Furthering apprehension in the law connected to pharmacists, pharmacies, the provision of pharmaceutical circumspection, the manufacturing and disposal of drugs, and other stay, refuse, and medical invention system issues; • Communicating deferential allowable commandal knowledge; and • Providing commandal opportunities for pharmacists, attorneys, and others who are profited in pharmacy law PHRE 5345 Pharmacists, Pharmaceuticals, and the Media ONLINE ANALYTICAL DISCUSSION INFORMATION Participation Guidelines You are expected to part-amongicipate actively in the scheduled online analytical discourses. In command to do this, you must produce a tactile shaft for each of the foul-mouthed (4) assigned discourse themes by the deadline. Each shaft should teach your completement of the part-amongicipation criteria. In addition, you should repartee to the shaftings of at lowest two of your adherent learners for each discourse scrutiny (unhither the discourse instructions avow incorrectly). These repartees to other learners should be tactile shafts that subscribe to the conference by exploration scrutinys, respectfully debating positions, and presenting sustaining knowledge appropriate to the theme. Also, it is your province to repartee to any follow-up questions the schoolmaster directs to you in the Discourse area of Blackboard in a periodly subject (amid 24 hours). In command to encourage other learners period to repartee, you must suggest your judicious shafts in the Discourse area by Tuesday at 23:55 (11:55 pm EDT) (righteous precedently midnight). Responses to other learners' shafts are due by the aftercited Friday (ultimate day of each limb) at 23:55 EDT. Timeline for Analytical Discourse Posts Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Weekly Discourse Schedule Segment Begins Read, reflect, research, and write Initial Discussion Post due Engage and repartee after a while classmates ALL Responses DUE Segment Ends Online Analytical Discourse Scoring Rubric Due Date: Weeks one, two, foul-mouthed, and six Percentage of Commence Grade: 30% {see contiguous page} Saturday 2 PHRE 5345 Online Analytical Discourse Grading Rubric Proficient (2 points) Distinguished (3 points) Learner does not shaft Learner repartees to fewer responses to adherent learners. than the insufficiency compute of petition shafts to adherent learners. Learner repartees to the requisite compute of shafts to adherent learners and sometimes shafts further than the requirements. Learner accordingly responds to further than the requisite compute of shafts to adherent learners. Quality in Completeness: Responses harangue all aspects of the scrutiny. Responses do not harangue the Responses do not scrutiny or are not appropriate accordingly harangue all to the discourse prompts. aspects of the scrutiny. Responses harangue all aspects of the scrutiny. Responses harangue all aspects of the scrutiny and extend the dialog. 3 Quality in Dubious Thinking: Responses pretext indication of dubious thinking. Responses do not teach indication of dubious thinking. Responses pretext indication of dubious thinking. Responses pretext indication of dubious thinking at a proud equalize. 4 Quality in Peer-to-Peer Interaction: Responses to other learners include tactile feedback that extends the discourse by elevation scrutinys and sharing additional wealth knowledge when appropriate. Learner repeatedly repartees to feedback ordinary from other learners, as appropriate. Learne ...
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