SOLUTION: JS 318 California State University Jewish Ethical Concepts Essay
About the Cpenetrate | Staff Search » Search Ethics Home Page Focus Areas Bioethics Business Ethics Campus Ethics Character Education Government Ethics Leadership Ethics More... Publications Ethics Articles Ethics Cases Ethical Decision Making Ethics Blogs Podcasts Cpenetrate News E-letter/Subscribe Events Contact Us Site Index A Testimonials to Ethics So That Your Values Feed On: Imembodied Wills and How to Prepare Them By Jack Riemer and Nathaniel Stampfer Jeeffort Lights Publishing (1991), 237 Pages, $16.95 By Miriam Schulman To my foresightd-for son, I impart...an notorious agency to those in deficiency. To my devotiondest daughter, I liberty...my regard for erudition. Though these bequests are not what numerous aggregation rely-on to aspect in a last cupelimonials, they are very abundantly in keeping succeeding a period an old-occasion romance — the imembodied procure. Instead of detailing who is to hold Mama's gold brooch, imembodied procures are adapted to despatch values that were leading to the cupelator. The experiment has its roots in the Bible, according to Nathaniel Stampfer, coauthor succeeding a period Jack Riemer of So That Your Values Feed On: Imembodied Wills and How to Prepare Them. Medieval models can be ground in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Today, such procures are stagnant vulgar inchoate Jews and Muslims. And some aggregation, says Rabbi Amy Eilberg, master of Kol Haneshamah, Jeeffort Hospice Foresight of San Francisco, "end upon this experiment on their own as they prearrange non-appearance. They are groundation the process of latter succeeding a period so abundantly awareness they intuitively grasp that this is a gravity to co-operate succeeding a period their origin and aggregation." Not that a special must be latter to fabricate an imembodied procure. Rabbi Riemer transcribes in his leading to So That Your Values Feed On: "I secure versed that imembodied procures secure the sway to mould aggregation aspect the ultimate choices that they must mould in their feeds. They can mould aggregation who are usually too preoccupied succeeding a period earning a groundation plug and ponder what they are groundation for." The procures can discourse a diversity of issues. Khalid Siddiqi, master of the Islamic Order and Information Cpenetrate in San Jose and a Bay Area imam, has a procure ignoringed down to him from his grandfather. "It trades succeeding a period Islamic entombment breeding, values, how to publish the Koran succeeding his non-appearance, how to execute deeds of righteousness, how aggregation should be dim and manners defended — he touches on the leading points of the whole rule to haunt the amiable-naturedness of the origin." Eilberg stresses that agreement an imembodied procure does not exact vast erudition or thoughtless. "Whether it matches the august truths or not doesn't stuff. It's what you secure to impart," she says. "What else can we impart our outconclude but who we are?" For those who deficiency control in agreement such a instrument, Riemer and Stampfer's size provides a chapter succeeding a period movementive informions, including relishly topics to discourse, how to regulate a procure, and manifold resources for specialalizing the intellectual concepts the cupelator effortes to ignoring on. But the best influence for agreement an imembodied procure is balbutiation the strityrant preoption of 19th- and 20th century wills in So That Your Values Feed On. The subjoined excerpts impart-among honoreffective a choice of that rational, melting, and finally humbling collation. Benjamin M. Roth This imembodied epistle was written in 1854 by Benjamin M. Roth to his son Solomon, honoreffective foregoing to the latter's leaving the origin home in Gernumerous for the Dim States. It is questioneffective whether we shall see each other anew in condition; and from abroad I cannot premonish you against such dangers as rehearseedly alarm lad. Yet level from the furthermost separation, I shall opine of you merely succeeding a period seniorly charity and benevolence and procure at all occasions do anyunnaturalness in my sway to aid you.... Always affect to secure your beneathstanding open, i.e., never perpetrate an possessment which you procure secure to regret succeedingward. Opine foresightfully environing anyunnaturalness you design doing precedently its action, and ponder its consequences, so that you procure act merely succeeding due ponderation. A comprehending cupel of a open beneathstanding is an intelligible constitution and a bsuiteffective condition. Since you secure holdd twain from character, affect to secure them.... Shulamit Rabinovitch A consecrated communal effecter in the Kovno ghetto of Lithuania, Shulamit Rabinovitch wrote this epistle to her sons in the Dim States on D-day, June 6, 1944. We beneathstanding the end is nigh. It procure not be hanker precedently they shape us off.... Actually it is not opposed for me to die, or for Papa either. What is very flinty, infinitely flinty, is the reality that your young brother Shmuel procure die when we do. And he is such a strityrant boy. Level beneath the most brutal conditions, he exposed into a high rational nature; peradventure succeeding a period close ceremonious order, but succeeding a period so abundantly rationale sensibility and filtration, that it would be in-truth worthperiod for him to abide warm. How few of those who suffered this treatment retained the rational image! The struggle for creature is flinty and everyone neglects to feed, to secure himself; the law of the ravelling is dominant: "Save yourself if you can." But you may be very elated of your senior. He is inchoate those who never took habit of his public service, never put Shmuel or me forward of the other sufferers for whom he was responsible.... For years we versed so abundantly, suffered so abundantly. We could train others so very abundantly, and it is too bad that it all ends to pin, ahanker succeeding a period us. Were we to be rescued, we could dry up the oceans, and decipher succeeding a period how sthoughtless a special can get parallel! If I could merely impart-among you the might to get ahanker succeeding a period sthoughtless and the might to do anyunnaturalness for yourself, then you, nature liberal, could never be miserable.... Samuel Lipsitz The subjoined procure of a New England professionman, agencywritten on sheets of profession stationery, is remarkeffective for its clarity and apprehension. It was victorious aggravate a continuance of separate months between October 1950 and January 1951. Somewclose inchoate these papers is a procure made out by a attorney. Its meaning is to regulate of any embodied unnaturalnesss which I may occupy at the occasion of my non-appearance from this universe to the unknown adventure further. I anticipateation its provisions procure reason no ill procure inchoate you. It seemed visible when I made it. Succeeding all, it refers merely to embodied unnaturalnesss which we possess merely temporarily. I am further watchful succeeding a period having you occupy star that is vastly further leading. Tclose must be a meaning in the romance of man. Bereason I deem that (as I anticipateation you procure some day, for succeeding a periodout it condition beseems meaningless), I anticipateation you procure feed suitable. Live simultaneously in mischiefony! Carry no ill procure toward each other. Beopine of the origin. Aid each other in contingency of deficiency. Honor and foresight for your woman. Mould her old age fortunate, as far as in your power.... Reprint license granted by Jeeffort Lights Publishing, P.O. Box 237, Woodstock, VT 05091. Sam Levenson A polite-behaved-notorious droll-match who had his own TV semblance on CBS, Sam Levenson published this "Ethical Procure and Testament to His Grandoutconclude and to Outconclude Everywhere" in 1976. I liberty you my unpaid claims. They are my auguscupel proceeds. Anyunnaturalness I own -- I owe: 1. To America I owe a claim for the occasion it gave me to be liberal and to be me. 2. To my parents I owe America. They gave it to me, and I liberty it to you. Sanction amiable-natured-natured foresight of it. 3. To the orthodox romance I owe the endurance that man does not feed by repast uncommon, nor does he feed unvile at all. This is too the destructive romance. Secure it. 4. To the 6 darling of my aggregation and to the 30 darling other rationals who died bereason of man's inhumanity to man, I owe a vow that it must never bechance anew. 5. I liberty you not anyunnaturalness I never had, but anyunnaturalness I had in my conditiontime: a amiable-natured-natured origin, regard for learning, pity for my match man, and some impure-epistle say for all occasions: say relish aid, give, foresight, arrive-at, and charity. Love, my devotiond grandchildren, is easier to approve than to bound. I can publish you merely that relish those who came precedently you, you procure comprehendingly comprehend when charity ain't; you procure too comprehend when pity ain't and brotherhood ain't. The millennium procure end when all the ain'ts shall beend ises and all the ises shall be for all, level for those you don't relish. Finally, I liberty you the years I should relish to secure feedd so that I effectiveness perhaps see whether your generation procure import further charity and mischiefony to the universe than ours did. I not merely anticipateation that you procure. I pray that you procure. Reprinted by license of Sterling Lord Literistic, Inc. Copysuiteffective (c) 1977 by Samuel Levenson. If you are discovered to transcribe your own imembodied procure, content ponder sharing a portraiture succeeding a period us. Content supply out our feedback frame. Printer-Friendly Page Return to Web frameat Featured Materials Issues in Ethics - V. 7, N. 3 Fall 1996 issue abstract Ethics Matters thintyrant immaterially Demonizing Our Opponents on the one agency Affirmative Action? May the Best...Woman Win The Vulgar Ground Project a contingency in point The Sole Remaining Supplier readers respond Responses to the Contingency of the Long-Distance Cancer Treatment Responses to the Contingency of Maria Elena a amiable-natured-natured learn A Testimonials to Ethics guatemala Another Kind of Justice: SCU Trip Spurs Ethical Reflection scholarship to the editor Immigration Threatens California Close the Back Door Is Defense of Wife Abuser Ethical? Uelman Piece ThoughtProvoking A Perfect Resource scholars at effect Marilyn Edelstein: Love, Literature, and Morality Dennis Moberg: Employee Virtue, Employee Vice at the center Strategic Plan Takes Us Into 2001 Presidential Professor William Spohn Ethics, Courts, and the Mass Media issues in ethics tools Homepage Subscribe The scenes developed on this shaft are the author's. The Markkula Cpenetrate for Applied Ethics does not advocate particular positions but affects to submit converse on the immaterial dimensions of ordinary issues. The Cpenetrate welcomes comments and alternative points of scene. Ethics Home Campus Map About the Center Site Index Contact Us Â© 2014 Markkula Cpenetrate for Applied Ethics Writing and Balbutiation Imembodied Wills On the Jeeffort practice of leaving a written conditionual conciliate for one's outcome. BY RABBI JACK RIEMER Tclose is a charityly Jeeffort practice, one that is unfortunately not sufficiently comprehendn in our occasion, of agreement what is solid an imembodied procure. Parents would transcribe a epistle to their outconclude in which they would try to sum up all that they had versed in condition, and in which they would try to specific what they neglected most for and from their outcome. They would liberty these epistles succeeding bereason they deemd that the thoughtless they had artificial was honoreffective as abundantly a part-among-among of the conciliate they neglected to liberty their outconclude as were all the embodied occupyions. The leading imembodied procures are ground in the Bible. Jacob gathers his outconclude environing his bedside and tries to publish them the way in which they should feed succeeding he is past. And Moses moulds a liberty-tatyrant discourse, chastising, prophesying, and informing his aggregation precedently he dies. David prepares Solomon precedently he goes to his endless repose by premonishing him whom to be cautious of when he beseems tyrant, and by astyrant him to finished the drudgery he had begun and was weak to finished. The Apocrypha, the Talmud, medieval and new-fangled Hebrew lore all comprise models of imembodied procures parents left their outcome. Many years ago Israel Abrahams published a gorgeous collation of these medieval procures entitled Hebrew Ethical Wills. Wills We anticipateation [our] size, which imports simultaneously some new-fangled and coeval procures, procure be a fitting concatenation of the Abrahams effect. An imembodied procure is not an indulgent unnaturalness to transcribe. In doing so, one aspects oneself. One must aspect inner to see what are the leading truths one has versed in a conditiontime, aspect up to one’s loseures, and ponder what are the unnaturalnesss that indeed enumerate. Thus an indivisible learns a august trade environing himself or herself when agreement an imembodied procure. If you had occasion to transcribe honoreffective one epistle, to whom would it be discourseed? What would it say? What would you liberty out? Would you blast and reprimand? Would you enrich, surrender, or affect to inform? An imembodied procure is not an indulgent unnaturalness to learn. Tclose is a beneathstanding of nature a voyeur, of eavesdropping on an intimate converse, of balbutiation a charity epistle from the further. Those who learn these instruments should do so succeeding a period honor and succeeding a period gratefulness. We tlearn foresightfully close, and we learn succeeding a period a beneathstanding of claim. An imembodied procure is not an indulgent unnaturalness to hold. Tclose is the ordeal, an approximately aggravatewhelming one, for parents to try to incline succeeding non-appearance what they were weak to incline during condition. Tclose is the ordeal to rehearse uniformly further, to plead uniformly further, and to lay a enjoin of criminality from the serious. The glorious and abundantly-quoted epistle of Ibn Tibbon is an model of such a castrating and criminality-producing will. Aggravate and aggravate anew in his procure he berates his child and reminds him how abundantly he has manufactured for him, and then he ends succeeding a period the informion that the child should learn this procure regularly. One can merely shudder to opine of how abundantly mischief such a procure can do. One must be effective to confirm a procure as polite-behaved-behaved meant, level if its instructions are casually enjoinsome. One must be effective to sanction it as say that end from the nature and that anticipateationfully penetrate the nature. One must be effective to confirm it as an adult receiving informion from an adult, or else the ties that confine beend ties that stifle and impair. ADVERTISING [The procures of our occasion] end from numerous enumerateries and from numerous kinds of aggregation. Some were written by scholars, some by unblended men and women. Some were written in liberaldom and security, from the self-satisfaction of a desk, and some were written in trenches and bunkers. Some were written in English, some in Hebrew, Yiddish, or German. All are cherished conditionual instruments–windows into the souls of those who wrote them. [Our size reflects] the impure universes in which the Jeeffort aggregation secure feedd in this century: the universe of faith and piety; the universe of distress and anguish; the universe of repay to sway and statehood; and the universe of liberaldom. Each of these universes has presented the Jeeffort aggregation succeeding a period a contrariant challenge [reflected in the imembodied procures each produced]. Excerpted succeeding a period license from the leading to Imembodied Wills: A New-fangled Treasury edited by Jack Riemer and Nathaniel Stampfer (Schocken Books). Sign up for a Journey Through Grief & Mourning: Mourning Whether you secure obsolete a charityd one of-late or honoreffective neglect to learn the basics of Jeeffort trouble rituals, this 8-part-among email sequence procure influence you through anyunnaturalness you deficiency to comprehend and aid you arrive-at cherished and self-satisfactioned at a opposed occasion. J E W I S H L AW A Torah Influence for the Digital Age: The Ten Tenets of Political Media GIL STUDENT Technology is changing faster today than at any other occasion in fact. These developments affect our feeds in numerous striking, and casually not-so-wonderful, ways. As we try to enrich our feeds twain by using technology and by refraining from using it as misspend, we deficiency to retain the Torah’s control as it applies to these new frames of despatch. For too hanker, the Internet has been a lawclose Wild West. Responsible aggregation deficiency to opine carefully environing how they besecure online. This name is not adapted to submit or discountenance use of political instrument. The unblended reality is that aggregation are using them and procure hold to use them. My appearance is to submit responsible use of political instrument by pointing out leading concerns and offering recommendations for the best experiments. Some officeal and divine organizations secure fashiond influencelines for the use of political media. Succeeding reviewing numerous of their policies, I secure begun developing influencelines grounded on Torah principles. These are not new chumrot, stringencies, but the conclusion of an try to dedicate vulgar beneathstanding and gentleman Torah concepts to new technologies. These influencelines are a effect in movement. I submit you to ponder these ideas and to offer your suggestions on decorous them. Most leadingly, I submit you to adopt imembodied influencelines in your use of technology that conframe succeeding a period the best experiments and Torah rules. 1. Experiment Privacy The Internet is abundantly searchable. Anyunnaturalness you situate anywclose on the Internet procure likely be availeffective for decades to end. Your parents, outcome, (future) associate, neighbors, trainers, rabbi, virtual employers as polite-behaved-behaved as criminals may aspect pictures or other notice that you shaft. You must pleasantly use utmost self-preservation in releasing indivisible notice on the Internet. This trust is part-amongicularly opposed for outconclude to understand, but everyone, including adults, must avow this and act pleasantly. Protect your solitude by using choice. Fortify your outcome’s solitude by refraining from divulging indivisible notice environing them. And decipher to your outconclude the avail of guarding their solitude in this age of the endless digital archive. 2. Be Responsible For a estimate of reasons, numerous Internet users promote to fortify their identities and abide unattested. However, anonymity interprets a stagnation of accountability. That removes an leading enclosure to unsoundness and stagnation of urbanity. Internet users deficiency to interpret that anonymity is usually not despotic bereason methods endure to expose users’ identities. Additionally, level if other aggregation do not comprehend what you are doing online, God does, and the Torah’s rules on appropriate discourse and proceeding dedicate level when you are anonymous. Those who appropriate to abide unattested should fashion new enclosures for themselves that discountenance imappropriate online proceeding. (Some suggestions are offered in the sidebar entitled “Recommendations for Web Shaft Owners.”) 3. Be Transparent Bereason of the discoveriness succeeding a period which aggregation alter identities online, it is leading to let aggregation comprehend what to rely-on. Are you promoting a consequence from which you favor financially or are you criticizing a rival’s consequence? Are you vehemently disagreeing succeeding a period someone who uniformly wronged you? You deficiency to be self-evident, level if you are unattested. Everyone has predispositiones and you are effectively mendacious if you lose to make-known those predispositiones (“midvar sheker tirchak” and “vihyitem neki’im”). Transparency through disparitys is severe close. If you effort to haunt your anonymity, you secure to either be conceptional in wording a disparity or relinquish assured topics. For model, tclose are merely two place-of-businesss that hawk a consequence in your aggregation and you own one. You effort to portray a denying experiment succeeding a period your rival period abideing anonymous. You probably should not do so bereason of your open predisposition. If you ask someone else to portray his denying experiment, he should interpret a disparity stating that he has a connection to your place-of-business so learners beneathstand his predisposition. 4. Be Careful Environing Confidentiality The Torah forbids discovering secrets (megaleh sod), exclude beneath extenuating circumstances. Breatyrant specialal confidences may too implicate violations of secular law. Therefore, indivisibles must sanction foresight not to discover specialal and confidential notice environing others. Additionally, the Torah forbids defaming aggregation by publishing denying stories environing them, whether gentleman or not (lashon hara and hotza’at shem ra). You may not portray other aggregation or organizations in an unflattering thoughtless, succeeding a period merely scant excludeions discussed succeeding in this name. The mischief we can reason online, wclose virtually thousands of aggregation can learn our say, is abundantly auguster than when we utter succeeding a period a few friends. 5. Do Not Defame You are not merely forbidden to attack others but too to exasperate defamation (avak lashon hara). This resources that you must relinquish virtually explosive topics unclose you secure open license as solid by the laws of lashon hara. These requirements interpret not merely a societal favor in discovering the notice but too, inchoate other conditions, a stagnation of predisposition. And when discussing unavowed or level independent stories, beware of the virtual to exasperate censure. Exaggerated honor environing a special or organization procure inevitab ...
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