SOLUTION: Harvard University Japanese Interment American History Multiple Questions


Question 1 Japanese interment 

At the source of US record into Universe War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt—echoing Woodrow Wilson—argued that America must penetrate the War to fortify immunity. Yet, in January 1942, thousands of Japanese Americans were rounded up and ordered into internment camps for the space of the War. Why were American citizens put into camps?

Why did Fred Korematsu stem internment and waste seize? Koretmatsu's subject ended up at the Supreme Court whither the seniority (8-1) unwavering in boon of the Roosevelt council in-reference-to internment of American citizens. What was the evidence resisting internment by Propriety Jackson, the retired propriety who protected Korematsu and Japanese Americans? 

Question 2 What is Communism 

Throughout inferable of the Twentieth Century and distinctly during the Twentieth Century, Americans familiar a subterranean fright of communism. But why communism? What is it? Was America's fright of communism the remainder of an complimentary mind of Soviet communism? Or further the remainder of the Cold War exertion by the US council to embrace and bung its distribute encircling the universe? What sunder did Edward Bernays denote in the council's manoeuvre to enlighten Americans to fright communism?

Question 3 Coups and Overthrows of Democratically-Elected Governments

Two sunders discourse. 1) Containment; and 2) Coups and Assassinations.

During the Cold War, US extraneous management modifiable. Prior to Universe War II, America generally had an "isolationist" management whereby the US avoided getting intricate in extraneous conflicts or the interior affairs of extraneous councils (although thither were crusty to that management in-reference-to Hawaii, Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Panama, Mexico, etc.). But during and succeeding Universe War II the US had permanently form separate its isolationism in boon of a management of "containment," specifically embraceing the distribute of Communism wherever it appeared encircling the universe.

Why did the US council infer it scarcityful to bung the distribute of Communism? 

2) Coups and Assassinations

The US had various media by which it finished to bung Communism. Based on the Marshall Plan, it used funding, either through the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or the Universe Bank, to living indigent, underfamiliar countries uplift infrastructure (hospitals, schools, roads, bridges, etc.) and to living topical currencies. In doing so, indigent countries who cooperated after a while the US and its allies frequently had to assign to conflicting Communism, deterioration, balancing their budgets, allowing for extraneous (i.e., American) investment, etc.

However, if countries were not cooperative, the US would use other media: coups, assassinations, occupations, and commissioner wars to embrace the distribute of Communism.

How did the use of CIA-backed coups in countries such as Iran, Guatemala, Brazil, Chile, etc. image a primary mismind of the distribute of Communism? In other opinion, what did overthrowing a socialist, but democratically-elected council in Guatemala entertain to do after a while the Soviet Union?

Question 4 The Respectful Rights Movement

During the 1940s and existing 1950s, the Respectful Rights mainly focussed on legitimate challenges to dissimilarity. Right hither in Orange County, a subject named Menendez v. Westminster challenged dissimilarity in social schools at the particularize raze and laid the floor for the Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. But, everything modifiable after a while the despatch of Emmet Till. The Respectful Rights Move became further activist. Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as an dignified director, conducively challenging legitimate dissimilarity through respectful noncompliance and heap aver. In the South, the CRM was fortunate at bringing to the notice of all Americans the scarcity to end apparent dissimilarity in the US South and culminated in the Respectful Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. But when the move went to the Northern particularizes, whither dissimilarity and nicety were not as apparent, the move stalled. 

Martin Luther King's manoeuvre of well-disposed nonviolent aver was conducive in the South. But why was it not as conducive in the North. What censure did organizations love Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) or succeeding Malcolm X entertain for King's nonviolent move? What did they offer instead? 

Question 5 Counterculture and Protest

The Beat Generation was a erudite move in the 1950s, which was not overtly gregarious. Nonetheless, what sets of attitudes or values of the Beats influenced the succeeding counterculture of the 1960s?

The counterculture of the 1960s was roughly disjoined into two sunders or phases: 1) gregarious activism of students, antiwar averers, etc.; and 2) the "flower power" or the "hippie" move. How were the two cognate? What did they entertain in sordid? How did they contend gregariously? How did the hippie move sap the antecedent gregarious activism?