What measures do stockholders undertake to minimize the costs of debt? Integration of Tax Effect and…

1.What measures do stockholders enter-upon to minimize the costs of debit? Integration of Tax Effect and Financial Afflict Costs

2. How would the subsidy of financial afflict costs and performance costs desire the MM statement in a globe where corporations pay taxes? Shirking and Perquisites: A Note on Performance Cost of Equity

3. What are the sources of the performance costs of equity?