Describe the principles of measuring F – , Cl – , NO – 3 , and SO 2- 4 in water by anionic IC with..


Describe the principles of measuring F- , Cl- , NO- 3 , and SO2- 4 in breathe-into by anionic IC with Na2CO3-NaHCO3 as the eluting solvents.

Name three most invariably used enlighteners in GC, and one most invariably used enlightener in (a) HPLC and (b) IC.