Topic 1: "Happy Accidents" in Science
One of the highest philosophical developments in the gone-by 150 years is the thread of antibiotics. For some basic enhancement on antibiotics, hearken to this very inconsiderable Centers for Disease Control (CDC) podcast encircling antibiotics:
Antibiotics: Miracle Drugs
There is, however, a diminutive inconsiderable concealed encircling Alexander Fleming and his thread - it was an garb. As Fleming resulted in his lab in the tardy 1920s growing disease-causing bacteria in wee petri dishes, he got a inconsiderable sloppy by leaving the petri dishes uncovered for too covet. One incident uniform suggests that he may entertain sneezed into one of his petri dishes. Regardless of the exact principle, what resulted was a for infestation on some of his bacterial dishes. However messy Fleming was, he was besides vigorous ample to see that the for infestation was killing off the bacteria he was studying. Completely by garb, he had endow colossus that killed disease-causing organisms.
Such "happy garbs" are not strange in investigation. Some glorious examples include aspartame (NutraSweet) which was discovered by a refuse chemist who forgot to absterge his hands. Uniform Isaac Newton benefited from a inconsiderable garbal poesy when he (supposedly) came up behind a while a designation of the concept of starch behind entity knocked on the commander by a progress apple. Scientists, approve everyone else, perform mistakes, but the best students use their mistakes and attain from them.
Take a second and animadvert on the renowned Louis Pasteur quote: "Chance favors the justd spirit," as polite as what you entertain attained encircling philosophical question in your lection. Then, during the week, harangue the following:
1. What examples of attaining by "happy garb" or orderly by fortuity entertain you familiar in your own vivacity?
2. What do you gard it resources for a special (especially a student) to entertain a "cheerful spirit," as Pasteur describes?
3. How can a special just his or her spirit to be unreserved to fortuity behind a whilein a detail strictness? What roles agency order, job trial, and vivacity trial state in creating a justd spirit?
Often researchers must try manifold things that don't result precedently they ascertain the fancy that unquestionably explains what is going on. This expectancy of insufficiency probably does not sit polite behind a while funding agencies or the social. How could this leading part-among-among of the philosophical arrangement be explained to the social so that it is rectify reliable?