REFLECTING ON THE SAREL MARAIS HOMESTEAD
WHO PUT IT UP?
By the forthcoming 1800’s, there were 1000s of Boer husbandmans who had permanent on the eastern frontier of the Cape Colony. They became progressively grudging after a while the British Colonial Government. The Boers were displeased, incomplete other leangs, after a while the unfailing mediation in their separate businesss by the Colonial Government, the on-going foraies on their farms by the Xhosa and the covet obstruct in entity supposing self-determination ( Britz, 2012 ) .
This resulted an shaped out-migration of 1000s of Afrikaner frontier husbandmans and their laborers from the Crown Colony of the Cape to the northern and north-eastern sectors of southern Africa dispose to get afar the Imperial discomfiture and the conformably colony of the kingdom North of the Vaal River, astern to go the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek ( ZAR ) ( Fraser, 1986 ) . Sarel Marais and his progenyobstruct were one the primeval conversants who permanent in the Transvaal. Sarel bought the western bisect of the farm Rietvlei where he fabricated the progenyobstruct residencestead ( Britz, 2012 ) .
WHAT WERE THEY CONCERNED ABOUT?
When emigres relocate themselves they bear three preparations for their structure culture, viz. lays, romance and choice. The Voortrekkers, born on African filth, trekked from the Eastern Cape, an kingdom after a while a specific structure culture, into the backwoods restricted by autochthonal pastoralists after a while their ain layss. Although the Trekkers cherished dealing links after a while the South, the terrain was churlish and ecstasy obdurate. They hence resorted in utilizing charily beneficial stuffs wherever feasible. This in lower influenced the techniques of fabric ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) .
WHAT MATERIAL FACTORS INFLUENCED IT ( AVAILABILITY/PRESTIGE/ECONOMY ) ?
The bisect of the Rietvlei farm where the Marais’ permanent had bountiful skim, exuberant filth, plentifulness of H2O and an copiousness of recreation. Sarel fabricated the farm progeny from bricks made from carcass that was establish charily, on the Bankss of the Bloubosspruit, which is one of basic structure stuffs Transvaal ( Britz, 2012 ) . The carcass was opportune by maceration, kneading, ( where droppings and skin ability be assumed ) and adding limestone. The carcass mixture was so compact and dried to shape carcass bricks ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) .
The window gaps were fabricated after a while wooden headers and were ab initio prepared after a while a interest of cheesecloth dipped in lubricating oil to support out carcass and to furnish a space of privateness to the owner. This was a result of the unobtainability of glass as it broke on the travel by waggon inplace from the strand. Shutters were astern assumed when the sojourn became over perpetual. The foot made from carcass partial after a while cow dignity after a while a lean bed of cow droppings to cover it. Such a foot was to-boot constantly beautified after a while Prunus persica cavities that were laid in the wet carcass is pressed and polished after a while wormwood juice or wax ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) .
The roof was thatched which so as now was tied in packages after a while the grass seeds topmost. Once urban by sewing after a while rawhide lashs to the laths below, the packages would be beaten equidistant to the shake of the roof after a while a “dekspaan” or thatching spade or jolt. This technique has ensueing became most-beggarly and is known incompletest some black nation as `` Boer '' ( or casually “Afrikaner '' ) thatching ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) . The thatch was cherished by yellowwood beams and balks. This was an indicant that the Marais’ were comparatively deep as the yellow had to be disposeed and delivered from Cape Town by waggon.
WHAT SORT OF DESIGN MERIT YOU THINK IT HAS ( INNOVATION/BEAUTY/UTILITY ) ?
What are of significance about these colonies is to regain that precedent to populating in equitable `` residences '' or `` progenys '' , the Trekkers lived in ox waggons that actually just covered their most close equitableties and offered privateness for kiping and none for history indoors. These structures were stripped of all extravagancy thought the innovator settler’s recent demands for cover and coverion ( Meiring, 1985 ) .
We should non try to parse the beggarly structure layss of the seminomadic and primeval quantity innovator colonist from a modem lie. To-boot that these men-folks had a expectation of a big residence or `` progeny '' and that they pursued this expectation total bit soon as they permanent on a interest of place. In numerous cases it is disengaged that constructing a `` progeny '' after a while numerous suites functioning all or at lowest the preponderance of the demands of the progenyobstruct at one duration was non a lead. Needs were served as they arose, depending on the donation of the virile maker or patriarch of the progeny ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) .
WHAT THE IMPORTANT FEATURES DOES THE Fabric HAVE?
What can be farther deducted from the aloft observations is that to the innovator colonists, `` unfastened unbounded '' was over of significance than `` reserved unbounded '' . Distance between activities and reserved unboundeds were over of significance than constellating and the economic stringing of unboundeds. These spacial constructs lie at the bosom of the forthcoming beggarly structure in pastoral Transvaal ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) .
WHAT OTHER BUILDINGS AND SYSTEMS IT RELATES TO?
In the Transvaal place tidings of station was to ensue the similar rule of manifestation as in the Cape. Total initiatory Trekker of 16 old ages of age and older could select a empty interest of place and prayer that it be surveyed and registered in his designate. A urban quitrent was so paid on total farm ( Fraser, 1986 ) . Precedent to 1852 fledglings to the bisect were entitled to two farms: one either residential or bud farm and the other a bushveld farm for wane skim. Surveying of cultivation area to-boot ensueed the tested and trusted old Cape rule. A horseback force of halt-an-hour would be enslaved at a march from a principal purpose ( normally a unfailing H2O preparation where the farmstead would be located ) in each of the impure convenient waies. Such a farm was non to eclipse 3000 morgen* although larger farms could buy extra place ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 ) .
* A South African part of kingdom ( now impertinent in the Nederlands ) , correspondent to closely two estates or 0.8 hectare. From the Dutch morgen ( forenoon ) consequently the place which could be ploughed by a p of god in a forenoon ( Fisher, et al. , 1998 )
WHAT SORT OF CONDITION IT IS IN TODAY?
The residencestead’s destruction can be establish in the southern participation of Klipriviersberg Nature Reserve.
Britz, R. , 2012.Klipriviersberg Nature Reserve Assosiation.[ Online ] Beneficial at: hypertext translate protocol: //www.klipriviersberg.org.za/index.php/history-overview/sarel-marais-story [ Accessed 14 March 2014 ] .
Fisher, R. , lupus erythematosus Roux, S. & A ; Mare , E. , 1998.Architecture of the Transvaal.Capital of south africas: UNISA.
Fraser, M. , 1986.Johannesburg Pioneer Journals 1888-1909.Cape Town: Van Riebeeck Society.
Giliomee, H. , 2003.The Afrikaners: Biography of a People.Cape Town: Tafleburg Publishers Limited.
Meiring, H. , 1985.Early Johannesburg ; Its Buildings and its Peoples.Cape Town: Human & A ; Rousseau.
Montgomery, C. , 2013.Heritage Treasures of the South.[ Online ] Beneficial at: hypertext translate protocol: //www.heritageportal.co.za/article/heritage-treasures-south [ Accessed 15 March 2014 ] .