Apwh Ch.9 Study Guide

How did the Persian discomfiture set the rate for the emergence of the Maurya kingdom? The Persian Discomfiture left Asia extraneously a supporter, this recognized Chandragupta Maurya to act the convenience and lay down the ground for the Maurya Empire. . What were five senior information of the emperor Ashoka? The five senior information of the emperor Ashoka were to balancepower Kalinga and adduce it inferior Mauryan curb, pestilential his policies throughout his kingdom by inscribing edicts in unhither stone shapeations or pillars he ordered to be erected, recognized his important at the cogent city of Pataliputra, created a accessible hoard to supervise the prolific gathering of taxes, and he converted to Buddhism. How did the Gupta professional practices be-unlike from the Maurya? Ashoka had insisted on acute the details of regional affairs, which he air-tight monitored from his seek at Pataliputra. The Guptas left national legislation and administration, and plain the making of basic device, in the hands of their allies in the incongruous regions of their kingdom. How did India fit in to the traffic adesire the Silk Road? The Silk Pathway recognized India to traffic cotton, spices, and gems in produce for horses and bullion from the west and silk from China. In what ways did the harvest of traffic and manufacturing application the blood scheme? The harvest of traffic and manufacturing led way to new groups of artisans, cunningsmen and merchants, sundry who did not fit easily in the recognized building. Individuals that worked in the identical cunning usually got coincidently to shape a fraternity, a municipal mass that watched prices and compensation in an perseverance and granted for the members and their families. What are the important beliefs of Jainism? What has been its desire-order application? Why did it never grace as beloved as other senior globe holy? The important beliefs of Jainism are ahisma or nonviolence, that verything has a leader, and that there should not be a blood scheme. It never became as beloved as other senior globe holy accordingly the hermit spirit that is enforced was too ultimate. Its desire order application is that it influenced sundry beliefs in China up until the nineteenth antiquity. What was the beloved accost of Buddhism? How does it assimilate and opposition to Hinduism? The accosts of Buddhism are that there is hither belief on Brahmins for ritual services, there was no blood or jati, and it did not require the impenetrable hermitism of Jainism. Buddhism is be-unlikeent from Hinduism accordingly Buddhists use vernacular tongues instead of Sanskrit. It is dishonorable to Hinduism accordingly they twain estimate in reincarnation, originated in india, made peculiars feed according to a assured way (dharma/eightfold method) and they twain possess the fancy of cattle or a divine coalition (nirvana and moksha). How did existing Buddhism encircleate into Mahayana Buddhism? How did that acceleration circulate the creed? Buddhism encircleated into Mahayana Buddhism accordingly innovations opened the pathway to saving for liberal collection of peculiars. This accelerationed it accordingly information institutes preferred it to the other shape of the creed, thus circulateing it prolificly. How did Hinduism encircleate in India during this epoch? Three epics of Hinduism, the Mahabharta, Ramayana, and the Bhagavad Gita reinforced the blood scheme by emphasizing locomotive spirit and superabundance to blood balance the hermit spirit. This missive opened Hinduism to dishonorable peculiars who are used to the blood scheme and recognized Hinduism to balancetake Buddhism. Why did Buddhism plaintually miss belovedity in India? Buddhism plaintually lost belovedity in India accordingly it was ghostly displaced by Hinduism. It grew distant from the beloved masses in India. Terms to know: Boddisatva, Mahayana, stupas, blood scheme, Jainism, Ashoka Maurya, dharma Dharma: in hinduism, it is the duties and obligations of each blood Blood scheme: a stringent gregarious building in which classes are decided by heredity, plenty, or holding Mahayana: a likeness of Buddhism that offers alvation to everyone and allows beloved idolize Stupas: stone shrines that comprise the sediment and remnant of the Buddha Boddisatva: In Mahayana Buddhism, a peculiar who can grasp nirvana but delays doing so to obviate self-denial beings. Jainism: a creed that estimated everything had a leader and estimated in ultimate aesthetics Ashoka Maurya: the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, he took the Mauryan kingdom to protracted heights and converted to Buddhism succeeding battling the Kalinga mob.