History of Hong Kong Art Village

(Eng. Summary) andrew lam (The exception “History of Oil Street Architecture” was published in Hong Kong Economic Journal 2000-03-27) The First Order – “The Oil Street” Duration During the 17 months from August 1998 to the end of 1999, the Legislation Characteristic Agency rented an irremediable legislational erection at Oil Street, North Point to architects, contemplationers, photographers, indivisible artists and art classs at a rental rate as low as HK$ 2. 5 / clear ft. It fragmentarily served as the nurturing plea for art direction, fanciful industries and divers kinds of sights and acts. 3 large-scale art and refinement treats entertain smitten assign in the Art Village. Further than 100 sights and acts, which attracted further than 30,000 interviews, entertain been held throughout the year. The disposition of activities were divers to grasp theatre act, play, folk art, ink painting, calligraphy, installation, photography, carving, painting, multi-media, video art, digital art, edifice, usage contemplation, act art and silence combination. The Oil Street Art Village was a reasoning extension, which fostered topical economies, fanciful industries and interpolitical art and cultural diversify activities. It attracted fanciful and animated indivisibles to entangle and to excite the attention of topical and aggravateseas compress. The entirety area of the Oil Street erection was 125,000 clear ft. The bloated foot area was estimated to be 160,000 clear ft. 33 art classs and actshops, and further than 100 artists were ranked in the Art Village; duration further than 721 artists and 3,000 art class parts entangled in divers activities (it is closely 30% of HK art scope). More than 60,000 clear ft. area served as performing extension, recital admission, acting area, and storage. The irremediable characteristic was categorically activated. In that less duration of occasion, the art and refinement activity built up a good-tempered-tempered company after a while the SAR legislation: the Art Village was normal and attended by HKADC. In 98-99, the Planning Department keen out that Oil Street Art Village was a happy pattern for plant use transferral. All of the aggravatehead substantiate that HK citizens urgently deficiency the liberal prop of the legislation to relieve prevalent a non-governmental and recalcitrant art village. It serves as a window and an turn for topical art and cultural acters to showcase the rule of fanciful refinement. This is the gate to enunciate Hong Kong into the stigma new “art and cultural centre” in Asia, and to erect the picture of HK in the global flatten. In 2000, the SAR legislation prepared to vend the plant through auction. Divers aces in the Art Village moved out and the plant has been irremediable until today. Not simply was the Oil Street Art Village destroyed, but the SAR legislation to-boot elapsed closely HK$ 10,000,000 of rental proceeds elapsed 2000. The Second Order – “Cheung Sha Wan Warehouse” & Old Kai Tak Aiport Duration The ex-slaughterhouse in Cheung Sha Wan and the ex-Kai Tak Airport Office Tower was temporarily let to Oil Street Art Village by the Legislation Characteristic Agency. However, the extension granted was not homogeneous for delicate activities. Abundant actshops and art classs such as 1aspace, Videotage, On and On Theatre, Zuni Icosahedron/Z+ etc. retreated or their activities hanging. Such a “hybernated” birth lasted for at last 1 and a half years. During the duration, some art studio was transferred to Old Kai Tat Airport venue and the studio of Tsui Pui Wan had unconfused an installation, which attracted large general free-trade. The Third Order – To Kwa Wan “Cattle Depot Artist Village” (CDAV) Duration In July 2001, the Legislation Characteristic Agency rented a renovated legislation characteristic, the ex-quarantine rank for animals (63 Ma Tau Kok Road, To Kwa Wan) to indivisible art classs and artists. Most of the edifice in the rank is legacy. Some are aggravate 100 years old. Units and Cultural activities in CDAV The entirety area of CDAV is 7,394. 93 clear metres. It has 19 ranked art classs: Zuni Icosehedron, Ngau Pang Shue Sue Yuen, Artist Commune 63 Museum, Videotage, 1aspace, Frog King Museum, (szOf)-Tsui Pui Wan, Wee Design, Photo China. CC, Cut_N_try Workshop, Billy & Suzies, Tim Tsz Workshop, Possive Null Workshop, Kum Chi Keung Workshop, Steve Cheung-Work Zone, 2/3 Studio, N4 and so forth. Main generalations in these two years grasp: “E+E” by Ngau Pang Sue Yuen,.... and abundant sight catalogues. Significant sights held graspd “Tree. Man”: Danny Yung Solo Sight Tree Man in 2003, CADV held large-scale art treat, such as Cattle Depot Summer Days & Nights Arts Treat 2003. The studio cipher O fish unconfused Summer Workshop 02, etc. The Bulk Treat was co-unconfused by Zuni Ngau Pang Sue Yuen and 1aextension after a while free-trade of 22 cultural organizations. It attracted further than 20,000 topical citizens and bulk lovers. The Artist Commune has to-boot unconfused abundant societal and cultural diversify programs. In the coming, the CDAV allure enunciate as a non-profit making charity (NGO). We are to-boot planning to fabricate the best use of extensions in the village as a platform for experimenting respectful art direction and fanciful cultural industries, and as a medium to thicken irrelative gregarious sectors and legislational departments. The CDAV allure be the new fountainhead of Hong Kong refinement, and it allure announce and set an sample to evaluate the purpuzzle of the product of the contemplated West Kowloon Cultural District. City globalization and synchronization fetch about the erection of skyscrapers, highways, airports, etc… Organizing interpolitical biennial, triennial, annotation and other gigantic cultural occurrences grace infallible in interpoliticalization. The CDAV has crave been a topicalized marvel, we puzzle the questions of globalization versus regionalism. In truth, there are 4 resource extensions and 15 recalcitrant studios in the CDAV. For the elapsed 2 years, they actively unconfused a gigantic abundant of indivisible programs. They to-boot unconfused junction occurrences love class actshops and territory-large art treats. This tender allure offer unconcealed studio scheme to produce A CONCEPTUAL ‘COMPUTER HUB’ WHICH RE-UNIFIES THE WHOLE CDAV AGAIN. [1] The Experiment The Hong Kong CDAV is not a ordinary museum for cultural expose. It is an resource extension: a 7,394 sq meters art village after a while visual art and theatre class, big companies and indivisible studios stay in symbiosis. In truth there are dreams and conflicts, expectations and competitions. Urgency and fixture are border by border. In convocation this global occurrence, the contemplated CDAV scheme allure not be a fabrication of un-real birth. In preparing for the sight, no pre-fabricated ace or sight arrangement allure be re-assembled in another locality for sight. The studios of the CDAV is love ‘A MICROSCOPE’. It helps the interpolitical interview TO UNCOVER A WORLD OF ADVENTURE, EXPERIMENTATION, DISCOVERY AND WONDERS in the CDAV. There is NO GLASS OR INSTRUMENT USED TO MAGNIFY OR DISTORT FACT AND REALITY. Every goal has to be viewed in express size! Love the Berlin Biennale 2004, The CDAV studios delineate truth and the CDAV artists produce such a visual ramble after a while a LIFE MANUAL. They themselves are the best sight documents and interpreters. BEYOND THE FRAME WE PROVIDE A NEW SPACE WHICH EXTENDS THE CONVENTIONAL PHYSICAL & CONCEPTUAL BOUNDARY OF AN EXHIBITION WITHIN THE ALREADY-EXISTING AND DEFINED AREA OF STUDIOS IN THE CDAV. The artists acting in the CDAV studios engage the turn to enunciate fanciful conversation and diversify after a while the interpolitical curators and artists. The CDTV scheme allure be in an attentioning conversation by using locality-specific studio acts showing delicate enunciatement from judicious order to ultimate product, from conceptual erection to plea formulation, from pre-sight studio harangue to post-sight contend. (???? ¦?????? ) ???????????????????? 2000-03-27 ?????????????????? 2004-06????? ??? ????????? (1999? ) ??????? (2003-2006) ????????????? (1999) 1999? 11? 9? ??????????? ???????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? > ???????????? 006 2> ???????? 007 3> ?????????????? 007 4> ?????????????? 015 5> ?????? 016 6> ????????????????? 021 ?? : ???????????? 023 ????????? 025 ?????? 046 ???????????? ???????????????????????????? :?????????????????? …????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????????????????????? ???????? ????? ,?????????????? ,????? (3? )??? (1? )??? (6? );?????? (2? )???????? (1? )??????? 1? ,???????????????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????? ,??????? ;???????? ,?????????????????? ,???????? ;???????? ,???????????????? ,???????????? ,?????????????????? ??????????? ,??????????????????????? ,????? ,?????????? ???? 2???? ,??????????? ,??????????????? ,???????????? ,????????? :?????????? ,??????????? ,??????????? ,?????? ,?????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????????? ,?????????????????? ,?????? ;?? ,???????????????????? ,????????????????? ,??????? ,?????????????? ,???????????? 1990? ,???????????? (????? ),?????????????????? ,??????????????????? ,?????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????? ,???????????? ,???????????????????????????????????? ,???????? ,????????????? ?????? ,????? ,???????????? [2] ?????????????? ?????????????? ,????????????????????????? ,??????????????????????????? ,????? ,???? ,???????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????? ?? ???????????? ,???????????????? ,?????? 2. 75?????????????? ????????????????? 15???? ,????? 12? 5???? ,?????????? 31? ,???????????????????? 6????? ?? ????????????? Kwok and Cho????????????? Z+? Workzone??????????????????????????? Raymond Lau? Wong Chi Fei? Lily & Workshop? Qwert & Parallax Workshop? Xtreme Creative? Michael Chan Architects? James Wong & Andrew Lam? Vivian Lam? Ashley Hempsall? Tom Tong? May + Ling? Rensis Ho? Bone Wong??????????? Tim? Billy and Suzie? Edge? 1a???????? Ringo Tang? 31?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 721? ,??????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 3? ,???? 100????? ,??????????? 30,000??????????? ,??????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????? ,???????????????????? [3]???????????? ,????????????????? ,???????????? ,???????????? ?? ???????????? ,???????????????????????????????????? ,???????????? ,??????????? ?? ?????????? ,?????????????? : 1. ??????????????????? ,????????????????????? (?? :???????????????????????? )? 2.???? ?????????????? 2a?????????????????????????? ,??????????????? ,????????? ,?????????? ,? 2b?????? ,???????????????????????? ?????????? : ???????????????? ?????????? ,?????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????? ,??????????????????????? ,????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,?????????? (??????? )????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? ,??????????????????????? (???????????? ,????????????? 2,000? ,?????? ) ???????????? : ??????? ????????? ,???????? ,?????????????????????????????????????? 180?? ,?? (? )????? (? )????? (? )?????? (? )????????????????????????? (? )????? (? ????? (? )?????????? ,?????????????????? ????????? ???????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????? ;?????????? ,?????????????????? ,???????? ?????????? ????????????? ,??????? ,???????? ,??????????????? ;??????? ,???????????????????????????? ,?????? ,????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????????? ?????????????? ,?????? ,?????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????? ,??????????????????????? ????????????????????? ??? ,?????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ,??????????????? ,??????????????????????????????????? 1A???? ,????????????? Z+??????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????? ,???????????????? ,????????????? ,????????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????? ,???????????????????? (C? D? ),????? ,???????????? ,????????????? ,??????????????? ,?????????????? ,???????????? (Machine Aesthetic)??????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????? ??????? ?????????????? ,? 1998? 8????? 16?? ?????? 2. 75? 1??????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????? 16???? ,????? 12? 5???? ,??????????????? 30? ,????????????????????????????? 6???? ,??????????????????? ???????????????????????? ,??????????????? ,??????????????????????????????? ,??????????????? ???????????? ??????? 2000???????? ,?????????????? ,?????? :?????????????????? ,???? 12? 15???????????????????????? ,????????????? ,??????????????????????????? ,??????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? 1998??????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????? ,????????????????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ,??????????????????? ,??????????? ,???????????????? 98????? ,??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ,??????? ,???? 1893???? 12???????? ,????????? [4] ???????? ,??????????? ,??????????????????????????? Victoria Regata Club????? ,????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????? ,???????? ,?????????? [5],?????????????????????? (E. M. Hazeland) [6],??? 1908? 3? 21??????? (Sir Frederick Lugard)???? ;?? ,?????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????? (Club House),??????? ???????????????? ,????????????? ,???????? ??????????????????? ,??????????? ,????????????? ,????????? ;???????????? ,???? ,???????????????? ????????????????????? ,??????????? ,?????????????????? ,?????? ,????????????????? ,????????? ,????????? ;????????????????????????????? ,?? 19????????????? (Arts & Crafts Movement)???????????????? [7];????????? ,?????????????? (1905? )?????? (1913? )????????? (1915? )??????????????????????? ,??????? ,???????? ,??????????? ,???????? [8]1965? ,?????????????????????? – ??? 1992? 10? ,???????? ??????????????????????????????? 1999? 11????????????? ,????????????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????? ,?????? 1939?? 1964??????? 1939???? ,????? 1950????? ?? 941????????? ,???????????????????????? ,???????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????? : i) ????????????? 1969?? (DYN1XB1B),??????????????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????? 1969? ; ii) ????????????? 1945-64? 1:2,400????? (HKR. S. No. 846(320)-D & S No. 1, Plan 1),??? A????????? ,B ? C???? ,???? ,?? A???? 1964?? 1969???? ; iii) ?????????????????? 1950????? :,??????????????????? ,??????????????????? (?? ),?????? (B? )???????????? ,?????????? 50???? ; iv) ???????? 50,000?????????? ,???? 1945? 50? ,????????????????????? ,??????????? 1950?? v) 1939?????????? ,??????????? ,?????????????????? ,???? ????? (Kellet Island)????????????????????? ??? ,????????????????????? ,?????? ,???? 39????? 50?? ,? 10???? ,?????????? ; vi) ????????? 1939? 103?????? ,?????? : 1939? 4? 26??????? ,????????????? 16???????????? ,???????????????????????????????? ????? ,??????????????? 1939? ; vii) ??????? ,??????????? C?? Z+?????? 1939??????? ,????????????????? ,??????????? ;?????????????? ,??????????????? ,???????? ,???? ,??????????????????? ,???????????????? ,??? ,??????????? ,?????????? ,????????????????????????????? Messrs Kin Lee & Co.?? ,????????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????????? ?????????????? (C? D? ,???? ,?????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,???????????? (Machine Aesthetic)? ?????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????? ?????????????????? ,??????????????????????????? ;??????? ,????????? ,????????????????????????? ;?????????????? ,????? ;????????????????????????????????????? ,????????? ,??????? ,???????? ; ?? ,??????? ,???????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????????????? ??????? ??????????????????????? ;??????????????????????????? ,????????????????????? ,??????????????????? ;???????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????? ,?????????? ,????????????????????? ,????????????? ,??????????????????? ,??????????? ,???????????????? 98????? ,??????????????? ???? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,??????????????? ,????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? ,???????????? ,???????? ,?????????????? ?? ,??????? ,???????????????????! ???? ???????????????????????????????????????????????? ,??????????????? ,???????????????????????? ;?? ,??????????????????? ???????????? ,???????? ,?????????????? ?????? ,?????? ????????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????????? ,??????????????? ??????????? ,???????? 100?? ,?????????? 20,000,?????????????????????????????????? ,????????????? ,???????????????????????? ,???????????????????????? ,??????????????????????????? ,??????????????????? ,??????????????????? ;????????????????????? ,???????????? ,????????????????????? ,????????? ,?????????????????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ,????? ,???????????? ,???????????? ,?????????? ,??????????? ,??????????? ,???????????? ,????????? ,????? ,??????????????????????????????? ?????????????????? : 1) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 2) 98?? 80%????????? ,???? 97??? 5%? 3) ???? 15%????????????? ????????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????????? ;??? ,?????????????? ,?????? /????? /??????? 97?? 2%??? 6%??? ,???????????? 18%?? 23%,?????????????? 15% ?? 18%?????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? [9] ??????????? ??????? ,????? ,????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????? ,???????????????? ,??????????? ????????? ,??????????????????????????? ;????? ,???????????? (Marginal Utility)??????????????????????????????? ??????????????????? ???????????? ?????? :???????????????? ????????? ,?????????? ,???????? ,????????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????????????? ,????????????? ,????????????????????????? ,??????????????????? ,?????????????? ??????? :??????? ????????????????? ,????????? ,?????????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????? ,?????????? ,?????????? ,??????????? ,???????????? ,??????????????? ,????????? ,??????????? ???????? ,???????????????????? ,????????????????????? ,???????????? ?????? /???? ?????????????????????????????? ,??????????? ,????????? ,?????? ,??? /?????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????????? ,???? ,??????????????????? ,??????? ,??????????? ,????????????????????? ,???? ,???????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? ,????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????? ?????? ,???????????????????????????? ,?????? ,???????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????????? ????? ??????????? ,?????????????????????????????????? ,???????? ,??????????????????????????? ,????????? - ???????????????????? ,??????????????????? ???????????????? :1) ????? (???????????????? );2) ????? (?????????????? ;3) ???? (???????????????????? )4) ???? (???????????? )???????????? ,?????? (???????? ,?????? ,???????????????? ,?????? ,????????????? ????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,???????????? ,??????????????????????? (????? ) ???? ??????? ,???????????? - 1. ??? ??????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????? 2. ???? ???????? ,???? ,????? ,?????? 3. ????????? ??????????? ,??????????????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????? ?????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,???????? 4. ?????? ??????? ,??????????????????????????? ,?????? ,?????? 5. ???????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????? ?????????????? ,?????????????? ,????? 6.???????????????????? ,?????? ,??? /????????????????????? ,??????????? ,???????????????????????????????????? /??????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????? ??????????????????????????? ??????? 1. ????????? (?? ) ?????????????????????? 2. ??????? (??? ) ???????????????????? 3. ???? (??? ) ???????? ,????????????? ,???????????? 4. ??? (??? ) ????????????????????????????? 5. ????? /??? /??? /?????? (?? ) ????????????????????? /??? /????????????????????? ,??????????????????????????? 6. ?? /??? (?? ) ??????????????????? /????????? /??? 7. ?? /??? (?? ,????? ) ??????????????????????????????????????? ??????????? ,??????? 8. ????? (?? ) ???????????? ,???????????? 9. ??? (?? ) ???????????? 10. E & M? ,???????????? (??? ) ? 11. ??? (??? ) 12. ????????????????? (?? ) ? 13. ??? ,???????? (????? ) ? 14. ?????? (??? ) ??????? 15. ??????? (?? ) ? 16. ???? (?? ) ? 17. ???? (????? ) ?????????? 18. ??? (??? ) ?????????????? 19. ????? (??? ) ? 20. ??????? (?? ) ???????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????? ,?????????? ??????? ???????? ,???????????????????????????????? : 1. ??? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 2. ??? ?????? ,????? 3. ????? ?????????????? ,???????????????????? ,??????????? 4. ?????? ,??????? ????????? ;? ii????????? ,????????????????? ?? ????????? ,?????????????? ,??????? ,??????????? ????????????????? ???? ?????????????? ,??????????????? : 1. ????????????????????? ,???????????????? 2.???? ,??????????????????????? 2a???????????????????????????? ,??????????????? ,??????????? ,????????????? : ??? ,? 2b???????????????????????????? ,????????????????? 1) ????????????? : ??????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????????? ,?????? ,????????????????????? ,????????????? ?P. S. 1.??? ,???????? ;???????????????????????????????????? [10] ?????????????????????? ?????????? ,?????????????????????????????? ,?????????? ,???????????????????? ????????? /?????????? ,????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????? ,???????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????????? 1. ?? : 1a?????????????????????? ,????????????????? ;? 1b????????????????????????? ,???????????????????? ,????????? ,???? ,??????????? ????????????????????????????? ,??????????????????????? ,??????????? ,????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????! ????????????????? :1)?????????????? ,??????? ,???? ;???????????? ,???? ,????????? ;2)????????? ,???? ,?????? ,???????? ,???????? ,???????? ,??????????????????? ????????????? ,????????????????????????????? ,????????????? ,???? ;3)??????????????????? ,????????????? ;4)???????? ,?????? ,???????????????? ;5)??????? ,????????????????? ,????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????? 2. ??? : ???????????????????????? ,????????????????????? (? )????? /????? : ???????????????? ,???????????????? /?????????????? ,??????????????? ???? ?????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????? ??? : ?????????????? ?? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 7A????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (???? )??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Dr. Morhard, Juergen, Consul of German Consulate (Hong Kong)? Dr. Sacker, guide of Goethe-Institute(Hong Kong)? Oscar Ho, sight guide of HK Arts Centre? Renee Chan, art and contemplation advertisement contemplationer, HKU-Space? Ben Sumner, superior lecturer of APA? Chartered Society of Designers? Caroloine Cheng, guide of The Pottery Workshop? Lam Yuen Mei? Gary Mak Sing Hei, comrade guide of Broadway Cinematheque? Cheng Wai Lau, overseer of Theatre Ensemble? Irene Ngan, Program Overseer of Goethe-Institut? Ip Yuk Yiu, Lecturer of City University? Linda Lai, relieveant confessor of SCM, City University? Nancy Tong, relieveant confessor of City University? Cheung Kai Sun, art guide of Zebra Consultant? Simon Queeans, publisher of BC Magazine? Leung Chi Fan, vice-president of Hong Kong Society For Direction In Art? Hung Chin Lu, guide of Studio 22 Ltd.? Leong Ka Tai, guide of Camera 22 Ltd.? Golden Cheetah Company? Wong Leung Sek Rupert, president of Hue Art Association? Shum Ka Chun, art dirctor of ICON? Wong Chack Kie, Comrade Confessor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong? Li Chak Man, scheme overseer of Yew Chung Direction Foundation? Siu King Chung, relieveant confessor of HK Polytechnic University? Tang Shu Wing, delicate guide of No Man Plant Limited? Tsang Wai Yi Catherine Lau Lui Wai Kei Lam Wai Kit? Lau Chung Hang? Kelvin Tsang? Louisanna Chan? Steve Choi? William Thomas Dixon? Pegsi K C Wong? Betty Hung? Yik Fei? Natashia Ting Clorie Ng? Fanny Lam? Lau Mei Yee? May Fung? Yanpi Kwan Pui Yan? Wong Shun Kit? Hilary Binks John Thompson Chan Chui Hing, Nose? Mo-yung Yuk Lin Helen Leung Jenny Lam Chi Ling? Lichtenstein, Frederic? Vivian Chan Sau Han? Lee Kit Wai John Yip? Chan Tze Ming Liu Yuen Hung Jacqueline? Sandra L. Walters? Winton non Marsalis? Clarence Tsui Borezee? Blaise Lam Kam Ying? Wong Fung Ming? Tam Shiu Wah Hillman? Norris Ng? Lesley Chan Yan Yan,? Woo Vivian Cheng? Wai Kwan? Alice Chu? Cherie, Cheng Shui Che? Chan Wai Fun Dovas? Lau Wing Yin, Nataue? Kum Chi Keung? Tina Chan? Charles Lam? Maria Leung? Wei Peh Ti? Wong Hao An Alanie? Wong Gi Wai, Gigi? Winnie Lau? Paul Kember? Julita Lui Y. E.? Juliana Wong? Peter K. Ho? Jan Chu? Pamela Hoy So Ching? Quentin Fong Bryan Lay? Liu Ying Kei Carol? Robert Orien? Freddie Chan? Rachel Lee? Fornia Chan Siu Yim? Beryl Yau? Mimi Tung? Frank Yeung? Kearen Pang Yuri? Ng Lilian Chan?? ?? : ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? The Australian Netact For Art and Technology? Artextension Visual Arts Centre, Sydney? Chinese Art News Magazine? Marina Grzinic, Fund For Video Art? Griffith Artworks, Griffith University, Australia? Videobrasil Festival, Brazil? Mike Stubbs, guide of Hull Occasion Based Art, UK? Mike Leggett, Australia? Chang Young-Hae, Seoul? Wolf Kahlen, Germany? Evangelo Costadimas? Uwe Buchler, Werleitz? Gesellschaft, Germany? Steve Hawley, UK? Trevor Batten, Amsterdam? Veronica Needa? nucleus part of Yellow Earth Theatre(London),… ??? :??????????? (?? ) 1. ?? 1.????????? 1. ???????? ,?????????? ,????????????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????????? ,??????????? ,?????????????? ,?????????????????? ,???????????????? ,??????????? ,??????????????? ,???????????????????????? 2. ??????????????????? 118? ,??? 27???? ,???????? ,? 27? ,???????? 10????????? ;????? (9? )???? (8? )???????????? (? 7? ),???? (6? )?????? (? 5? )??? (4? )?????????????? 3???? ,??? 2??????????? ???????? 27???? ,??? 10? ,???????????????????? 4? ,????????????????? ,?? ,????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????? ,???????????? (3? )??? (1? )?????? (6? );?????? (2? )???????? (1? )???? 1? ,??????????? ,??????? ,???????? 2002?????????????? 1????????????????????????????? ,??????????????? [11] 3. ???????????????????? ,????? :??? ,...??????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,?????????????? [12]???? ,????????????? ,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? :?......?????? (??? )???????????? ,???????????????? --????????????????? [13] 4. ????????????? ,?????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ?? ,?????????????????????? ,????????????????????????????????? ,???? ,????????????? ,????????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????...???????????????? 5. ?? ,??????????? : ????????????? ;????????????? ,?????????????? ;?????????????????????? ??????????????? ,???????????? ,?????????????? ,???????????? ,??????? ,??????????? [14] 2. ?? ???????? 1. ?????????? 2. 1. 1???? : ?????????? (Alliance of Artists' Communities AAC)????????????? (Artists Communities: A Directory of Residencies in the United States Offering Occasion and Extension for Creativity)??? ,???? 70??????????????????????????? 2. ???? : ??????????? ,?????? ?????????????????????????????? ,????????? ,???????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????????? 50%???? ,????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????? ,???????????????????????? 4%? ????????????? ,????????????? : .?????? (American Academy in Rome)[15] .????? (The Corporation of Yaddo)[16] .?????? (The MacDowell Colony, Inc. )[17] 70??????????????????????? 80???????????????? ,?? 80????????? ;??????????? ,???????????????????? ,?????????? (????? )???? ,?????????????? ,?????????????????? ,?????????????? ,?????? ,??????????? ???? ,?????????????? ,????????? ,????????? ,??????????? ,???????????? ,???????????????? ,??????????? ?????? ,????? ,??????? 3. ?? : ?????????? ,???????????? (Artist’s House)??????????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????????????????? ,??????????? ,????????????????? (Kunsterhaus)[18]? ??????????????????? [19],?????????? : A:???? 20???? B:???? 10-19? C:???? 4-9? D:???? 1-3? ???? ,??? 70?????????? ,????? 4-9?? C???????? ,? 40%??? A?? B?? D????? ,?? 20%? ?????????????? ,????????????????????????? ,??????????? ,??????????????????????? :???????? ,???? ,???????????????? ,???????? ,??????????? ,????????????????????? A? ,?????????????????????????????? ,??? C?? 4. ??????? : ????????? ,??????? 20???? A???????????? ,???????????? ,??????????? 2? ,???????????? B???????????? ,??? 14? B????? ,???????????????? ,?????? 2???? ,??????????????????????????????????? 4-9?? C????? ,?????????????????????? ,????????? ,?? C????????? ,???? ,????? ,???????????? D??????????? ,?? 14? ,?????? ,?????????????? ,???????? C???? ,???????????? ?????????????????? :???????? ,???????? ,?????????????????????????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????? ,??????????? ,???????????? ,???????? ,????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????????? ,??????????????????????? 5. ?????? : ??????????????????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????? [20]??????????????????? ?? |?????? |?? |?? |?? |??? |?? | |?? |???? | | | | | | |?? |??? |?? |??? |?? |??? |?? |??? |?? |??? |?? |??? | |A |12 |86% |0 |0 |1 |7% |0 |0 |1 |7% |0 |0 | |B |10 |72% |2 |14% |1 |7% |0 |0 |1 |7% |0 |0 | |C |18 |64% |2 |7% |3 |11% |2 |7% |1 |4% |2 |7% | |D |8 |58% |2 |14% |0 |0 |2 |14% |2 |14% |0 |0 | |?? |48 |69% |6 |9% |5 |7% |4 |5% |5 |7% |2 |7% | |? (1): ?????????????? ??????????? ,?????????????????? (69%)???????? (9%)??? (7%)???? (7%)??? (5%)?? ,?? 7%????????????????????? ,????????????????????????????? (? A? D??????????? :86%? 72%? 4%? 58%)??????????????????????? ?????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????? ??????? ,?????? ,???????? ,???????????????? ,???????????? 2. 1. 6???? : ?????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????? ,? 72%??????? 24%,????? ,?? 4%??????????????? ,???? P. S. 1???? I. S. P???????????? ??????????? ,???? ,??????????????????????????????? ,?????? ,????????????? ,????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????? ,????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,??????? P. S. 1??? ,???????????????? ,???????? ??????????????????????????? :???????......????? ??????? ,??????? ,?????????? ,?? ???????????????? :??????????????????? ,?????????????????? ??????????????????? ,??????????? ,???????????? ,?????????????? [21]??????????? ,????????????????????????? ,???????????????? ,??????? ,????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????? ,?????? ,??????????????????? ????????????????????????????? ,???????????????? (Conservatoire du Littorale),?????????????????????????????????? ,???????? ,?????????? ,????????????? ,????????? ,??????????????? ,????????????????? [22] ???????? ,???????????????????????????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????????????????????????????????? ???????? ;?????????????????????? ,??????? ,???? ,??????????? ,??????? ,????????????????? ,?????????????????? 7. ??????????? : 1. ?????????? : ??????????? ,???????????????????? ,?????????????????????????????? ,????????????????? ,???????? ,???? : 2. 2. (i)?????? 1) ??????? :????????????????????????? ,?????? ,???? ;???????????????? ,???????????????? ,??????????????? 80%? (2)????? :???????????????????????????? ,???????????? ,??????????????????? ,????????????????????......? ,??????? 80%??? ,????????????????? ,????????????????? ,????????? ,??????????????? ,?????? ,???????????????? 2. 2. (ii)????? (1)????? :???? 93%????? – ??????? ???????????? ,??????????? ,???????????????????????????????????????????? ? (2)????? :?????????????????? ,?????????????? ,????????? ,??????????? ,?? :????????????? ,?????????? ,????????????? 71%? (3)?????? :????????? ,????????? ,????????????????? 39%? 2. 2. (iii)?? (1)???????? :???? 29%? 2) ??????????? :???? 26%? (3)?????????? :???? 23%? (4)???????????? :???? – ?????????????????????????????? ,??????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????? 4%? ????????????? ,??????????????? ,????????????? ,??????????????? 2. 3?? A???????? : 2. 3. 1????????? ,???? A?????? ,??????????? ,?????????????????????????? ,?????????????? ,??????????????? 3%? ???? ,???????? ,????????????????????? ,???????? ?????????? ,???????????????????? ,???????? ;??????? ,????????????????????????????? 2. ????????????? : ?? 70????? ,??????????? ,????????? : i) ??? : ???? ,??????????? ii) ??? : ?????????? ,??????????????????? ,????????????????????? iii) ??? : ???? ,???????????????? ???????????????? ,???? 97%????????????? 2? ,??? Art Farm? Bemis Center for Contemporary Arts,??????????? ,??????? 3%?????? ,?? South Florida Art Center,?? 4?????????? ,????????? ,? 9%? ???????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????????? ,?????????? ,???????????????????????? ,????????????