Bio 201l lab 6 the skeletal system 2015


Pre-Lab Questions:

 

”1. List the operations of the skeletal arrangement.”

”2. What representative contributes the first to the compressive ability of scourge? ”

”3. Briefly recount the course of scourge remodeling. ”

Experiment 1: Classification of Bones

Table 6: Classification of Bones

Bone Designate Classification by Figure Classification by Location

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. Why is it powery to orderatize scourges? ”

”2. Aside from protraction, what are some other vulgar characteristics of a hanker scourge? Are hanker scourges typically associated delay the axial or appendicular skeleton? ”

”3. Compare even scourges and hanker scourges. How are they irrelative? How are they the corresponding? ”

 

 

Experiment 2: Digital Slide Picture Examination—Bone

Post-Lab Questions

”1. Label the arrows in the subjoined digital slide pictures: ”

”Cortical Bone: ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

”Trabecular Bone: ”

A-

B-

 

 

”2. Compare and contrariety cortical and trabecular scourge. ”

”3. What is the scope of cortical scourge? What is the scope of trabecular scourge? ”

”4. What are trabeculae? What is their operation? ”

”5. What are haversian arrangements? What is their operation? ”

 

Experiment 5: Physical Skeleton – The Axial Skeleton

 

Table 9: Cervical Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size of cervical vertebrae in similarity to those of the thoracic and lumbar portion

Shape of the vertebral foramen

Spinous Course of the C3 - C6 Vertebrae

Spinous Course of the C7 Vertebra

 

Table 10: Thoracic Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size and power of the thoracic vertebrae in similarity to those of the cervical and lumbar portion

Shape of the vertebral collectiveness

Appearance and relievantity order of the Spinous Process

 

 

 

Table 11: Lumbar Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size of the lumbar vertebrae in similarity to those of the cervical and lumbar portion

Shape of the vertebral collectiveness

Appearance and relievantity order of the Spinous Process

 

Table 15: Rib Feature Observations

Rib Feature Observations

Length of ribs 1 - 7 (do they acception or retrench in protraction?)

Length or ribs 8 - 12 (do they acception or retrench in protraction?)

Articulation of the ribs and thoracic vertebrae (heed the specific rib and vertebra that articulate)

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are the three components of the axial skeleton? Recount the operation of each. ”

 

”2. On the skull under, swell in the blanks delay the redress scourge designates. ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

E-

F-

 

 

 

”3. For the subjoined scourges, specify whether they are cranial or facial scourges and grant their residuum. ”

Bone Facial or Cranial Location

Temporal Bones

Mandible

Vomer

Zygomatic Bones

Parietal Bones

Ethmoid Bone

Sphenoid Bone

Lacrimal Bones

 

”4. What are the three portions of the vertebral post? Recount the public figure and magnitude of the vertebrae in each portion. ”

”5. What are the atlas and axis? What are their operations? ”

”6. On the vertebra under, swell in the blanks delay the redress vertebral constituency. ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

E-

 

 

”7. What is the scope of the thoracic cabin? ”

”8. Recount the three components of the sternum. ”

”9. Recount the dissonance betwixt gentleman ribs, sham ribs and floating ribs. ”

 

Experiment 6: Virtual Model – The Axial Skeleton

”1. What features are located subject to the cranium, and loftier to the mandibular? Identify the predicament short. How multifarious special items are interposed in this predicament? Hint: The defense is not a scourge. ”

”2. Why aren’t teeth considered scourges? ”

”3. Identify the two elder scourges which construct the ruler. ”

”4. To what scourge does the fair scapula annex? ”

”5. Is the left clavicle loftier or subject to the fair scapula? ”

 

Experiment 7: Physical Skeleton – The Appendicular Skeleton

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are the filthy competency of the loftier end and the supplemental end of the appendicular skeleton? ”

”2. Compare and contrariety the magnitude and operation of the loftier and supplemental extremities of the appendicular skeleton. ”

”3. What are the three fused scourges that find up the coxae of the pelvic engirdle? What is their residuum in connection to one another? ”

 

Experiment 8: Virtual Model – The Appendicular Skeleton

Post-Lab Questions

”1. How multifarious left metatarsals are there? ”

”2. Is the fair fibula subject or loftier to the patella? ”

”3. Are the ossa digitorum or the ossa metatarsalia further medial to the collectiveness? ”

”4. Which two scourges annex to the patella? ”

”5. Identify the three scourges which embrace the leg. ”

Experiment 9: Articulations

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What two ways can flexures be classified? What are the three classifications of each archetype? ”

”2. Fibrous flexures are either sutures or syndesmoses. What is the dissonance betwixt the two? Grant examples of each archetype. ”

”3. A symphysis and synchondroses are two classifications of what archearchemodel of flexure? What are the dissonances betwixt the two classifications? ”

”4. What affords synovial flexures to be diarthrotic? ”

”5. For the subjoined, equality the redress synovial flexure to the change-of-place it produces. ”

 

”Pivot Joint” ”Gliding Joint”

”Ball and Socket Flexure ” ”Condyloid Joint”

”Saddle Joint” ”Hinge Joint”

 

Movement Joint

Uniaxial change-of-place, typically flexion or extension

Uniaxial rotation

Side-to-side and back-and-forth change-of-place

Multiaxial change-of-place

Concave and relievant surfaces of twain scourges afford for biaxial change-of-place

Ellipsoidal fit affords for biaxial change-of-place

 

 

6. Swell in the chart under:

 

Joint Articulating Bones Archemodel of Synovial Flexure Movement

Elbow

Knee

Hip

Ankle

Wrist

 

 

Experiment 10: Virtual Model- Skeletal Arrangement Coloring Activity

”Insert the picture for each application under: ”

”Left Arm: ”

 

”Sternum and Clavicles: ”

 

 

 

”Vertebral Column: ”

 

 

 

”Right Hand: ”

 

 

 

”Sacrum: ”

 

 

 

”Legs: ”

 

 

 

”Feet: ”

 

 

Experiment 11: Skeletal Arrangement of the Fetal Pig

Table 34: Skeletal Portion Observations

Skeletal Portion Observations

Axial Skeleton

Appendicular Skeleton

Joints

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are some of the similarities and dissonances you heedd betwixt the civilized skeletal arrangement and the palpation of the fetal pig skeletal arrangement? ”

”Insert photo of pig in resolution tray delay your designate evidently evident in the background: ”