OM 3070 ICEM Deepwater Horizon Accident Report


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BSc (Hons.) Health, Safety and Environmental Management
Module Code/Module Title:
OM 3070 Health and Safety Environmental Management
Module Tutor: AKPOHWAYE Iroro Peter
Assessment Title/ Number: CW 1 Assignment
Date of Issue: 23-02-2020
Date of Submission:
(Tick in the appropriate box)
You are encouraged to word process your assessment, and hand-written work is not
You are required to submit this assessment electronically through UCLan

This paper contains 1 questions/task.

Answer the questions / complete the tasks fully with all possible evidence for achieving
the learning outcome/s.

This task is worth 50% of the module mark.
Please do not submit this assessment brief with your work.
The task
In this task, you are required to discuss the 2010 deep water Horizon accident. You are required to
compile the report using the below pieces of sections (in a proper article format) of approximately
1,500 words.
1) Brief Introduction
2) Background of the accident
3) Discuss the roles and responsibilities of safety supervisors, employees and safety advisers
with respect to the Health and safety of the company
4) Drawing from the principles of accident/incident investigation, discuss the likely cause(s)
of the accident
5) With the knowledge of the principles of occupational risk assessment in the workplace,
discuss appropriate control measures required to prevent accidents of similar nature in the
• You are expected to provide reference to your work, which otherwise will put yourself
under the risk of “PLAGIARISM”.
• Section Headings should be strictly mentioned in your report which otherwise will result
in deduction of marks.
Specifications for writing the report:
1. Use preferably Microsoft Word for submitting the report. Use A-4 size paper and portrait
settings, leaving 2.5 cm (or) 1’’ inch margins in all the four sides.
2. The Section Headings should be bold and Capitalize Each Word.
3. Body text should be Times New Roman font with 12 point, 1.5 spacing. Text should be
justified leaving one blank line between two paragraphs.
4. The entire report should be numbered consecutively, starting with the introduction page. A
title page and content page should be included before your actual work however they should
be numbered.
5. The number of words must be shown at the end of the work submitted.
6. The report should contain a title page and table of content page before starting the
introduction; however these pages will not be counted in the total word count of the report.
7. The report should contain substantial number of references taken from a range of sources
especially journals
8. Whenever ANY words, ideas, or information from any source (it includes map drawings,
photographs, illustrations, diagrams etc.) is used in preparing the report, it must be
supported with suitable evidence and has to be referenced. If the exact words of an author,
or if you paraphrase their words, or if you summarize their ideas, the original reference
should be provided, which otherwise would lead to plagiarism and your work could be
failed. For referencing follow the Harvard Referencing System.
9. Marking Criteria
The course work will be assessed and graded on the overall report submitted and weightage
is indicative to knowledge, analysis, supporting evidences, presentation of the overall piece
of work. However, more weightage of marks would be allotted to the main elements of the
report as mentioned above.
Guide to Harvard Style of Referencing
6.1.2 Version
April 2019
International College of Engineering and Management
Fall 2019
In the Harvard system, the author’s surname and year of publication are cited in the text of your work. The full details of the
source are included in a reference list at the end of the assignment. This system does not use footnotes or endnotes. We do
not recommend the use of Latin phrases such as ibid…students wishing to use these should check the relevant guidelines for
their subject within the Faculty.
Examples of in-text citations
“An effective structure is important” (Redman, 2006, p.22)
… the structure of an essay can be effective and support comprehension (Redman, 2006) for the reader and…
Redman has noted that the structure of and essay can assist comprehension (2006) and
Reference list
Redman, P., 2006. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide. 3rd ed. London: Open University in assoc. with Sage.
Author’s name cited in the text
When making reference to an author’s whole work in your text, it is
sufficient to give the name followed by the year of publication of their
• When writing for a professional publication, it is good practice to
make reference to other relevant published work. This view has been
supported by Cormack (1994).
However, where you are mentioning a particular part of the work, and
making direct reference to this, a page reference should be included:
• Cormack (1994, pp.32-33) states that “when writing for a professional
readership, writers invariably make reference to already published
• According to Cormack (1994, pp.32-33), writers should be encouraged
to reference published research when addressing professional
Two or three authors for a work
When there are two or three authors for a work, they should be noted in the
Directly using an and
• White and Brown (2004) in their recent research paper found …
Or indirectly
• Recent research (White and Brown, 2004) suggests that…..
• Other examples using two or three authors…………
• During the mid-nineties research undertaken in Luton (Slater and Jones,
1996) showed that …
• Further research (Green, Harris and Dunne, 1969) showed
Four or more authors for a work
• Where there are several authors (four or more), only the first author
should be used, followed by et al. meaning and others:
• Green, et al. (1995) found that the majority …
• or indirectly:
• Recent research (Green, et al., 1995) has found that the majority of …
Several works by one author in different years
If more than one publication from an author illustrates the same point and the works
are published in different years, then the references should be cited in chronological
order (i.e. earliest first):
as suggested by Patel (1992; 1994) who found that …
or indirectly:
research in the nineties (Patel, 1992; 1994) found that …
Several works by one author in the same year
• If you are quoting several works published by the same author in the same year,
they should be differentiated by adding a lower case letter directly, with no space,
after the year for each item:
• Earlier research by Dunn (1993a) found that…but later research suggested again
by Dunn (1993b) that …
• If several works published in the same year are referred to on a single occasion, or
an author has made the same point in several publications, they can all be referred
to by using lower case letters (as above):
• Bloggs (1993a; 1993b) has stated on more than one occasion that …
Corporate authors
If the work is by a recognized organization and has no personal author then it is usually
cited under the body that commissioned the work. This applies to publications by
associations, companies, government departments etc. such as Department of the
Environment or Royal College of Nursing.
It is acceptable to use standard abbreviations for these bodies, e.g. RCN, in your text,
providing that the full name is given at the first citing with the abbreviation in brackets:
First citation:
• … following major pioneering research in 2006 undertaken by the Royal College of
Nursing (RCN) it has been shown that …
Second citation:
• More recently the RCN (2012) has issued guidelines for …
No author
If the author cannot be identified use Anonymous or Anon. and the title of the work
and date of publication. The title should be written in italics.
Every effort should be made to establish the authorship if you intend to use this
work as supporting evidence in an academic submission:
Marketing strategy (Anon., 1999)
For items with no date, the abbreviation n.d. is used to denote this:
Smith (n.d.) has written and demonstrated …
or indirectly:
Earlier research (Smith, n.d.) demonstrated that …
Books with one author
Author, Initials., Year. Title of book. Edition. (only include this if not the first edition) Place
of publication* (this must be a town or city, not a country): Publisher.
where 1st edition
• Baron, D.P., 2008. Business and the organisation. Chester: Pearson.
where 3rd edition
• Redman, P., 2006. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide. 3rd ed. London: Open
University in assoc. with Sage.
Books with multiple authors
Authors, Initials., Year. Title of book. Edition. (only include this if not the first edition)
Place: Publisher.
• Adams, R.J., Weiss, T.D. and Coatie, J.J., 2010. The World Health Organisation, its
history and impact. London: Perseus.
• Barker, R., Kirk, J. and Munday, R.J., 1988. Narrative analysis. 3rd ed. Bloomington:
Indiana University Press.
An in-text reference for the above examples would read:
• Leading organisations concerned with health (Adams, Weiss and Coatie, 2010) have
proved that…………
• A new theory (Barker, Kirk and Munday, 1988) has challenged traditional thinking …
• Effective methods used to researching crowdsourcing (Carter, et al., 2018) were found
to be…
E-books and pdfs
Author, Initials., Year. Title of book. [e-book] Place of publication: Publisher. Followed by
Available through: ARU Library website [Accessed date].
• Fishman, R., 2005. The rise and fall of suburbia. [e-book] Chester: Castle Press. Available
through: ARU Library website [Accessed 12 May 2019].
• Carlsen, J. and Charters, S. eds., 2007. Global wine tourism. [e-book] Wallingford: CABI
Pub. Available through: ARU Library website [Accessed 9 June 2018].
• Wood, P. and Chesterton, W., eds. 2018. Global warming and the oceans. 4th ed. [e-book]
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available through: ARU Library website
[Accessed 9 June 2018].
Pdf documents
Authorship, Year. Title of document. [type of medium] Place of publication (if
known): Publisher. Followed by Available at: include web address or URL for the
actual pdf, where available [Accessed date].
• Bank of England, 2008. Inflation Report. [pdf] Bank of England. Available at:
[Accessed 20 April 2009].
• Department of Health, 2008. Health inequalities: progress and next steps. [pdf]
[Accessed 9 June 2008].
Articles from printed sources – basic journal reference
The required elements for a reference are: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full
Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue/Part number), Page number(s).
• Boughton, J.M., 2002. The Bretton Woods proposal: a brief look. Political Science
Quarterly, 42(6), p.564.
• Cox, C., 2002. What health care assistants know about clean hands. Nursing
Times, Spring Issue, pp.647-85.
Articles publicly available on the internet
Authors, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Journal or Magazine, [online]
Available at: web address (quote the exact URL for the article) [Accessed date].
• Kipper, D., 2008. Japan’s new dawn. Popular Science and Technology, [online]
Available at: [Accessed 22
June 2019].
Authorship or Source, Year. Title of web document or web page. [type of medium]
(date of update if available) Available at: include web address/URL * [Accessed
• NHS Evidence, 2003. National Library of Guidelines. [online] Available at:
[Accessed 10 October 2009].
Foundation for Economic Education (FEE), 2014. England’s Whetstone named FEE’s first “Blinking Lights” award
recipient. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 July 2014].
ARU, 2019. Guide to Harvard Style of Referencing. [pdf] University Library.
Available at: [Accessed 9 October 2019].

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